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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.10.2014.tde-06112014-114436
Document
Author
Full name
Bárbara Tavares Schäfer
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Castelucci, Patricia (President)
Miglino, Maria Angélica
Teixeira Filho, Althen
Title in Portuguese
Estudo do plexo mioentérico do cólon descendente de cães acometidos pela distrofia muscular (GRMD)
Keywords in Portuguese
Cão
Golden Retriever
Imunohistoquímica
Intestino grosso
Sistema nervoso entérico
Abstract in Portuguese
A distrofia muscular do Golden Retriever é uma doença degenerativa de caráter hereditário com alterações musculares semelhantes às descritas na distrofia muscular de Duchenne, sendo comprovada a existência de alterações na musculatura lisa do trato gastrointestinal destes animais. Alguns autores sugerem que um dos fatores responsáveis por essas alterações possa estar relacionado com a motililidade intestinal. Este trabalho tem como objetivo estudar os neurônios nitrérgicos e colinérgicos, além da expressão do receptor P2X7, no plexo mioentérico do cólon descendente de cães afetados e não afetados pela distrofia muscular. Foram utilizadas técnicas de imunohistoquímica para marcação das enzimas Óxido Nítrico Sintase (NOS) e Acetilcolina Transferase (ChAT) e da população neuronal total pelo HuC/D e analisada a presença do receptor P2X7. Também foram utilizadas técnicas de microscopia eletrônica de transmissão e histologia básica. Os resultados indicam que neurônios nitrérgicos tendem a ser maiores em cães distróficos e apresentam morfologia Dogiel tipo I; neurônios que expressam o receptor P2X7 colocalizam com neurônios nitrérgicos e colinérgicos. As análises qualitativas demonstram que cães distróficos apresentam maior quantidade de colágeno entre as fibras musculares, entre as camadas musculares circular e longitudinal e, ainda, no interior dos gânglios mioentéricos. Este estudo fornece base para futuras pesquisas e tratamentos da distrofia muscular do Golden Retriever e mais futuramente da Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne, além de poder auxiliar no entendimento das desordens gastrointestinais que são observadas nesta última.
Title in English
Study of the myenteric plexus of the descending colon of dogs affected by Muscular Dystrophy (GRMD)
Keywords in English
Dog
Enteric nervous system
Golden Retriever
Imunohistochemistry
Large intestine
Abstract in English
The golden retriever muscular dystrophy is a hereditary degenerative disease characterized by muscle changes similar to those described in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, as well as by alterations in the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract. Some authors suggest that these abnormalities may be associated with intestinal motility. This study evaluated nitrergic and cholinergic neurons in the myenteric plexus of the descending colon of dogs with and without muscular dystrophy, in addition to P2X7 receptor expression. Immunohistochemical techniques were used to label nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and acetylcholine transferase (ChAT), as well as to label total HuC/D-immunoreactive neurons and neurons containing the P2X7 receptor. Transmission electron microscopy and basic histology were used for analysis. Results showed that nitrergic neurons tend to be larger in dystrophic dogs and to be characterized by Dogiel type I morphology, and neurons that express the P2X7 receptor colocalize with nitrergic and cholinergic neurons. Transmission and light microscopy revealed higher collagen density between muscle fibers, between circular and longitudinal muscle layers and within myenteric ganglia of affected dogs. These findings provide support for future research and treatment of the golden retriever muscular dystrophy and hence of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy and contribute to the understanding of the gastrointestinal disorders found in these patients.
 
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Release Date
2017-01-04
Publishing Date
2015-01-23
 
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