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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.10.2007.tde-13022008-165545
Document
Author
Full name
Arlei José Birck
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Hernandez-Blazquez, Francisco Javier (President)
Kfoury Junior, José Roberto
Meirelles, Flavio Vieira
Resende, Henrique Ribeiro Alves de
Silva, José Roberto Machado Cunha da
Title in Portuguese
Expressão das conexinas 32 e 43 em células trofoblásticas da placenta bovina em cultura celular
Keywords in Portuguese
Bovinos
Células gigantes trofoblásticas
Conexina
Cultivo celular
Placenta
Abstract in Portuguese
A expressão da conexina 32 e 43 nas células gigantes trofoblásticas foi analisada em condições de cultura celular com e sem influência de hormônios sexuais. Placentônios bovinos foram coletados de vacas prenhes em abatedouro nos diferentes períodos gestacionais e divididos em três grupos, primeiro terço (I), segundo terço (II), terceiro terço (III) e transportados ao laboratório em condições assépticas à temperatura de 4ºC em solução de PBS com antibiótico. No laboratório as células foram isoladas e cultivadas em meio D-MEM com 10% SFB por cinco dias. As detecções das conexinas 32 e 43 foram realizadas através de munofluorescencia, pelo método de amplificação da tiramida-fluoresceina, utilizando anticorpo primário policlonal a imunoglobulina de coelho, anti-conexina 32 e 43 de camundongo. Os resultados mostraram que as células gigantes trofoblásticas expressam conexinas 32 e 43 nos três períodos gestacionais com exceção da Cx32 no primeiro terço gestacional sem adição de hormônios, a qual passou a expressar fluorescência após a adição de hormônios. A distribuição da Cx43 evoluiu com a progressão da gestação, permanecendo limitada ao interior das células gigantes trofoblásticas, sem formar junções comunicantes. O terceiro terço gestacional mostra a Cx43 na CGTT localizada no interior do núcleo. A adição de hormônios ao meio de cultura vem confirmar que a progesterona e o estrógeno podem ter um papel no controle da Cx32. Para Cx43 onde se adicionou progesterona os níveis de expressão foram baixos no início aumentando no decorrer da gestação, o mesmo foi encontrado para o conjugado de progesterona/ estrógeno. Para o estrógeno no grupo I os níveis de expressão foram menores se comparados aos três grupos diminuindo no grupo II e voltando a aumentar no grupo III.
Title in English
Expression of the connexins 32 and 43 in trophoblast cells of the bovine placenta in cellular culture
Keywords in English
Cell culture
Connexin
Cow
Placenta
Trophoblast giant cells
Abstract in English
The trophoblast cells expression of connexins 32 and 43 was studied in cell culture conditions with or without influence of sexual hormones. Bovine placentomes were collected from pregnant cows in slaughterhouses in different gestational periods and so divided into three groups, first term (I), second term (II), and third term (III), and transported to the laboratory in aseptic conditions at a temperature of 40C in PBS solution with antibiotics. At the laboratory the cells were isolated and cultivated in D-MEM environment with 10% SFB for five days. The detections of connexins 32 and 43 were achieved through immunofluorescence, by the tyramide-fluorescein amplification method, using a rabbit polyclonal primary antibody anti-connexin 32 and 43 of mice. The results showed that the trophoblast cells expressed connexins 32 and 43 in the three gestational periods with an exception of the Cx32 at the first gestational period. However, after the addition of sexual hormones, they began to express the connexins in the cytoplasm in the first stage. The distribution of the Cx43 evolved with the progression of the gestation, remaining limited to the trophoblast`s cells interior, without formation of gap junctions. The third gestational term shows the Cx43 located inside the nuclei of the CGTT. Addition of hormones in the culture environment confirmed that estrogen and progesterone may have an important action controlling Cx32. For Cx43, the expression was low after prosterone was added to the culture medium, but increased as the gestation evolved, the same was found for a combined compost of estrogen\ progesterone. For estrogen, in group I the expression levels were inferior when compared to the three groups decreasing in group II and increasing again in group III. We may conclude that the sexual hormes, specially estrogen, affect the expression of connexins in trophoblastic cells.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-04-08
 
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