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Master's Dissertation
Full name
Fábio Luís Valerio Pinaffi
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2012
Silva, Luciano Andrade (President)
Binelli, Mario
Mattos, Rodrigo Costa
Title in Portuguese
Dinâmica hormonal durante o processo luteolítico nas espécies equina e bovina; com ênfase sobre o papel da prolactina
Keywords in Portuguese
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente estudo visou caracterizar a secreção de PRL e estudar suas interrelações com a PGFM durante a pré-luteólise, luteólise e pós-luteólise em éguas (Experimento 1); avaliar o efeito da inibição de PRL e PGF2α na luteólise e definir a sincronia entre PRL e PGFM em novilhas (Experimento 2); definir a sincronia entre PRL e PGFM em éguas (Experimento 3); e avaliar a constante estimulação da PRL durante o ciclo estral em éguas (Experimento 4). No experimento 1 em éguas, amostras de sangue foram coletadas durante as 24 h da préluteólise, luteólise e pós-luteólise. As concentrações de PRL e PGFM foram rítmicas, sendo a duração dos pulsos de PRL de 5 h, com intervalos de 7,5 h entre pulsos e 12 h entre picos. Durante a luteólise e pós-luteólise, os pulsos de PRL foram mais proeminentes, as concentrações de PRL durante um pulso de PGFM foram maiores no pico de PGFM e notouse uma maior sincronia entre picos de PRL e PGFM. No experimento 2 em novilhas, as secreções de PRL e PGF2α foram inibidas durante a luteólise. A inibição da PRL associou-se a maiores concentrações de P4 e LH, sem efeito sobre a PGFM. Entretanto, a inibição da PGF2α associou-se a uma queda nas concentrações de PRL. A mensuração da área do CL mostrou-se eficiente em detectar a luteólise. No experimento 3 em éguas, no verão e outono, inibiu-se a secreção de PGF2α e PRL no Dia 14. As concentrações de PGFM foram reduzidas com a inibição de PGF2α, mas não com a inibição da PRL. No verão, a inibição tanto de PRL quanto de PGF2α reduziu as concentrações de PRL. As concentrações de PGFM não diferiram entre o verão e o outono, enquanto que as concentrações de PRL foram menores no outono. No experimento 4 em éguas, estimulou-se a secreção de PRL a cada 8 h. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas a cada 12 h do Dia 13 até a ovulação e a cada hora por 12 h no Dia 14. A estimulação repetida da PRL não aparentou manter as concentrações de PRL elevadas após o Dia 14. Nas amostras a cada hora, concentrações de PRL atingiram um valor máximo 4 horas após a estimulação e os pulsos de PRL foram aumentados. O aumento na PRL não afetou a PGFM, P4 e fluxo sanguíneo do CL. Entretanto, a estimulação da PRL quebrou a sincronia entre PGFM e PRL. Estão contidos nessa dissertação o primeiro relato em éguas sobre a caracterização e ritmicidade de pulsos de PRL, sincronia entre pulsos de PRL e PGFM e maior atividade da PRL durante a luteólise e pós-luteólise. A inibição da PRL interferiu na secreção de P4 em novilhas, mas foi confundida pelo aumento de LH. A sincronia entre pulsos de PGFM e PRL representa um efeito positivo da PGF2α sobre a PRL, tanto em éguas quanto em novilhas.
Title in English
Hormonal dynamics during the luteolytic period in equine and bovine species; with emphasis on the role of prolactin
Keywords in English
Abstract in English
The aim of the present study was to characterize the PRL secretion and study the relationship between PRL and PGFM during preluteolysis, luteolysis and postluteolysis in mares (Experiment 1); evaluate the effect of PRL and PGF2α inhibition on luteolysis and define the synchrony between PRL and PGFM in heifers (Experiment 2); define the synchrony between PRL and PGFM in mares (Experiment 3); and evaluate the frequent stimulation of PRL during the estrous cycle in mares (Experiment 4). On experiment 1 in mares, blood samples were collected during the 24 h of preluteolysis, luteolysis and postluteolysis. Concentrations of PRL and PGFM were rhythmic. Prolactin pulses had 5h of duration, interval of 7,5 h between pulses, and 12 h between peaks. Pulses of PRL were more prominent during luteolysis and postluteolysis. Concentrations of PRL during PGFM pulses differ during luteolysis and postluteolysis, and were greater at the peak of PGFM. The synchrony between peaks of PRL and PGFM was greater during luteolysis and postluteolysis. On experiment 2 in heifers, the secretion of PRL and PGF2α were inhibited during luteolysis. The PRL inhibition was associated with greater concentrations of P4 and LH. The inhibition of PGF2α was associated with a decrease on PRL concentrations, but no effect on PGFM was observed after PRL inhibition. The CL area measurement was an efficient method to target luteolysis. On experiment 3 in mares, in summer and autumn, secretion of PGF2α and PRL were inhibited on Day 14. The inhibition of PGF2α reduced PGFM concentrations. No effect on PGFM was observed after PRL inhibition. Concentrations of PGFM were not different between summer and autumn, and PRL concentrations were low in the autumn. In the summer, PRL inhibition reduced PGF2α concentrations. On experiment 4 in mares, PRL was stimulated every 8 h. Blood samples were collected every 12 h from Day 13 to ovulation, and every hour for 12 h on Day 14. The frequent stimulation on PRL did not appear to maintain higher concentrations of PRL after Day 14. On hourly samples, concentrations of PRL reached maximum value 4 h after stimulation and pulses of PRL were increased. The increase on PRL did not affect PGFM, P4, and blood flow of the CL. The synchrony between PGFM and PRL was partially disrupted by PRL stimulation. This was the first report on characterization and rhythm of PRL pulses, synchrony between PRL and PGFM pulses, and greater PRL activity during luteolysis and postluteolysis. The inhibition of PRL interfered with P4 secretion in heifers, but was confounded by the LH increase. In mares and heifers, the synchrony between PGFM and PRL pulses represents a positive effect of PGF2α on PRL.
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