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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.10.2013.tde-24032014-153646
Document
Author
Full name
Mariana Póvoa Silveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Castelucci, Patricia (President)
Lacchini, Silvia
Maifrino, Laura Beatriz Mesiano
Title in Portuguese
Estudo morfoquantitativo do plexo mioentérico de cães afetados pela Distrofia Muscular do Golden Retriever (GRMD)
Keywords in Portuguese
Cão
Distrofia muscular
Íleo
Imunohistoquímica
Neurônio entérico
Abstract in Portuguese
A distrofia muscular do Golden Retriever é uma miopatia hereditária, recessiva e fatal. Achados clinicopatológicos no trato gastrintestinal desses cães, como atrofia muscular, megaesôfago, dilatação gástrica são relatados, com possíveis alterações nos plexos entéricos. Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar os neurônios colinérgicos e nitrérgicos do plexo mioentérico, a expressão do receptor P2X7 e a morfologia do íleo de cães afetados pela distrofia muscular comparados aos de cães não afetados. Os tecidos foram preparados por métodos imunohistoquímicos de marcação do Óxido Nítrico Sintase (NOS), Acetilcolina Transferase (ChAT), do pan-neuronal anti-HuC/D e do receptor P2X7. As análises qualitativas e quantitativas das contagens das marcações, das densidades neuronais e da área dos perfis foram obtidas dos Microscópios de Fluorescência, de Confocal de Varredura à Laser, e Microscópio Eletrônico de Transmissão. Os resultados qualitativos demonstraram que neurônios NOS-ir e ChAT-ir apresentaram morfologia Dogiel Tipo I com fibras que colocalizam com o receptor P2X7 e a musculatura intestinal com núcleos picnóticos e maior quantidade de fibras colágenas no grupo distrófico. Os dados quantitativos demonstraram: a) diminuição na área do perfil neuronal dos neurônios NOS-ir e ChAT-ir no grupo distrófico b) maior densidade de neurônios NOS-ir no grupo distrófico. O presente estudo adicionou informações sobre o código químico do plexo mioentérico de cães que podem facilitar o entendimento de desordens intestinais nesses animais.
Title in English
Morphoquantitative study of the myenteric plexus of dogs affected by Golden Retriever Muscular Dystrophy (GRMD)
Keywords in English
Dog
Enteric neuron
Ileum
Immunohistochemistry
Muscular dystrophy
Abstract in English
The Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy is a hereditary myopathy, recessive and fatal. Clinical and pathological findings in the gastrointestinal tract of these dogs as muscle atrophy, megaesophagus, and gastric dilatation are reported, with possible changes in the enteric plexus. This work aims to analyze the cholinergic and nitrergic neurons of myenteric plexus, the P2X7 receptor expression and morphology of the ileum of dogs affected by muscular dystrophy compared to those of unaffected dogs. Tissues were prepared by immunohistochemical methods of labeling Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS), acetylcholine transferase (ChAT), the panneuronal anti-HuC / D and P2X7 receptor. Qualitative and quantitative analyzes of scores of labeling, density and of neuronal profiles area were obtained from Fluorescence Microscopes, Confocal Laser Scanning, and Transmission Electron Microscope. The results showed that NOS-(immunoreactive)ir and ChAT-ir neurons present morphology Dogiel Type I, their fibers colocalize with the P2X7 receptor and the intestinal muscles present pyknotic nuclei with increased amount of collagen fibers in the dystrophic group. The quantitative data showed: a) decrease in the neuronal area profile of NOS-ir and ChAT-ir neurons in the dystrophic group b) higher density of NOS-ir neurons in the dystrophic group. The present study added information about the chemical code of the myenteric plexus of dogs that can facilitate the understanding of intestinal disorders in these animals.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-04-11
 
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