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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.10.2017.tde-24042017-171247
Document
Author
Full name
Renata dos Santos Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Papa, Paula de Carvalho (President)
Lopes, Maria Denise
Machado, Ubiratan Fabres
Sousa, Liza Margareth Medeiros de Carvalho
Wiltbank, Milo Charles
Title in Portuguese
Papel da insulina sobre a esteroidogênese no corpo lúteo canino
Keywords in Portuguese
Corpo lúteo
Esteroidogênese
Insulina
RNA-Seq
Abstract in Portuguese
O corpo lúteo (CL) canino apresenta períodos regulares de formação, atividade e regressão, marcados por intensa remodelação tecidual, o que depende diretamente de aporte energético, em alguns casos mediado pela insulina. Além de seu papel metabólico, a insulina, através de diferentes genes, pode desempenhar um papel fundamental na regulação da esteroidogênese, e consequentemente nas funções do CL de cadelas cíclicas. Nosso objetivo na primeira parte experimental foi mapear os genes diferencialmente expressos no CL, em diferentes estágios do diestro, diretamente relacionados à sinalização insulínica e a esteroidogênese no CL canino, caracterizando sua expressão gênica e proteica. A via secundária de captação de glicose também decorrente da sinalização insulínica foi abordada. Cadelas não gestantes foram submetidas à ovariosalpingohisterectomia a cada 10 dias entre os dias 10 e 60 (n=5/grupo) após a ovulação. Os CL coletados foram utilizados para sequenciamento de RNA (RNA-Seq) e validação por PCR em tempo real, e proteica por Western blotting e imunofluorescência. Na segunda parte experimental, através de cultivo celular, quantificamos a expressão dos genes relacionados à esteroidogênese após estímulo insulínico, e realizamos o bloqueio das vias phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14) e mitogen-activated protein kinase 1(MAP2K1) para mensuração da produção de esteroides (n=4/grupo). Foram identificados sete genes diferencialmente expressos relacionados à sinalização insulínica: insulin receptor substrate (IRS1), phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 3 (PI3KR3), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma (PI3KCG), mitogen-activated protein kinase 9 (MAPK9), mitogen-activated protein kinase 13 (MAPK13), mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14) e suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1), e dois genes, cytochrome P450 family 19 subfamily A member 1 (CYP19A1) e hydroxy-delta-5-steroid dehydrogenase, 3 beta (HSD3B), identificados como envolvidos com a esteroidogênese. A via secundária de captação de glicose mostrou que adenylyl cyclase-associated protein (CAP1), CRK proto-oncogene, adaptor protein (CRKII) apresentaram aumento de sua expressão no período em que ocorre o aumento da produção de progesterona (P4), diferente de member of RAS oncogene family (RAP) e ras homolog family member Q (RHOQ) que apresentaram menor expressão gênica nos dias 40, coincidindo com o aumento de estradiol (E2) no diestro. Nos experimentos em cultivo celular, sob estímulo insulínico, a expressão de CYP19A1 não apresentou diferença quando as células eram provenientes do dia 20, diferentemente do dia 40, no qual houve aumento de expressão no grupo tratado com insulina. Em relação à expressão de HSD3B, houve aumento de expressão no dia 20 e 40. A produção de P4 apresentou diminuição com o bloqueio de PI3K, MAPK14 e MAP2K1, enquanto que a produção do E2 apresentou diminuição nos bloqueios com PI3K e MAPK14, e não houve diferença de produção com o bloqueio de MAP2K1. Em conjunto, estes dados sugerem que MAPK e PI3K podem modular a esteroidogênese no CL canino, provavelmente via expressão de HSD3B e CYP19A1. A ativação da via CAP-CrKII-RHOQ-RAP, não esta envolvida neste processo. Concluímos que a insulina é capaz de modular a esteroidogênese no CL canino e que a resposta hormonal ao estímulo insulínico depende do dia do diestro.
Title in English
Insulin role on steroidogenesis in canine corpus luteum
Keywords in English
Corpus luteum
Insulin
RNA-Seq
Steroidogenesis
Abstract in English
The canine corpus luteum (CL) has regular periods of formation, activity and regression marked by intense tissue remodeling, which depends directly on energy supply in some cases mediated by insulin. In addition to its metabolic role, insulin, through different genes, may play a key role in the regulation of steroidogenesis, and consequently in the CL functions of cyclic bitches. Our objective in the first experimental part was to map the differentially expressed genes in CL, at different stages of the diestrus, directly related to insulin signaling and steroidogenesis in canine CL, characterizing their gene and protein expression. The secondary pathway of glucose uptake also resulting from insulin signaling was addressed. Non-pregnant dogs were submitted to ovariosalpingohisterectomy every 10 days between days 10 and 60 (n=5/group) post- ovulation. The collected CL was used for RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq), validation by real-time PCR and protein for Western blotting and immunofluorescence. In the second experimental part, through cell culture we identified different responses of luteal cells after insulin stimulation under the expression of differentially expressed steroidogenesis genes. We also performed phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), Mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14) and mitogen-activated protein kina 1 (MAP2K1) pathway blockade to measure steroids production (n = 4/group). Seven differentially expressed genes related to insulin signaling were identified: insulin receptor substrate IRS1), phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 3 (PI3KR3), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma (PI3KCG), mitogen-activated protein kinase 9 (MAPK9), mitogen-activated protein kinase 13 (MAPK13), mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14) and suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1), in addition to two genes, cytochrome P450 family 19 subfamily A member 1 (CYP19A1) and hydroxy-delta-5-steroid dehydrogenase, 3 beta (HSD3B), identified as being involved with steroidogenesis. The secondary glucose uptake pathway showed that adenylyl cyclase-associated protein 1 (CAP1) and CRK Proto-Oncogene, Adaptor Protein (CRKII) increased expression in the period of increased production of progesterone (P4). different than member Of RAS Oncogene Family (RAP) and ras homolog family member Q (RHOQ) showed less gene expression on days 40 p.o., coinciding with the increase of estradiol (E2). In the cell culture experiments under insulin stimulation, the expression of CYP19A1 did not present difference when the cells were coming from day 20, unlike day 40, in which there was increased expression in the group treated with insulin.. HSD3B expression increased on days 20 and 40. The production of P4 presented a decrease with PI3K, MAPK14 and MAP2K1, while that production of E2 decreased with PI3K and MAPK14 blockade, and did not alter with MAP2K1 blockade. Together, these data suggest that MAPK and PI3K can modulate steroidogenesis in the canine CL, probably via HSD3B and CYP19A1 expression. The activation of the CAP-CrKII-RHOQ-RAP pathway is not involved in this process. We conclude that insulin is able modulate steroidogenesis in canine CL and that hormonal response to insulin stimulus depends on the day of the diestrus.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-05-16
 
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