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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.10.2012.tde-24092012-143950
Document
Author
Full name
Atanásio Serafim Vidane
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Ambrosio, Carlos Eduardo (President)
Mançanares, Celina Almeida Furlanetto
Perecin, Felipe
Title in Portuguese
Isolamento e caracterização das células mesenquimais derivadas da membrana amniótica dos gatos domésticos
Keywords in Portuguese
Âmnio
Célula tronco
Células mesenquimais
Diferenciação
Gatos
Tecidos fetais
Abstract in Portuguese
As células tronco mesenquimais derivadas do âmnio (AMSCs) são células multipotentes com alto potencial para se diferenciar em múltiplas linhagens. Podem ser isoladas sem recurso a procedimentos invasivos e usadas sem levantar quaisquer implicações éticas. O presente estudo visa isolar e caracterizar as células mesenquimais progenitoras da membrana amniótica de gatos domésticos para futura aplicação em terapia celular. As células foram isoladas de quatro membranas fetais, coletadas durante as campanhas rotineiras de castração em gatas no último terço de gestação, após anestesia geral. A porção dorsal do âmnio foi separada mecanicamente, lavada com PBS e submetida à digestão com colagenase. As células coletadas foram propagadas em cultivo (DMEN-F12/-MEM) e criopreservadas em várias passagens enquanto se efetuava a avaliação da cinética de crescimento e das características morfológicas. Em cultivo, as AMSCs demonstraram aderência à placa e uma morfologia similar a dos fibroblastos. A análise imunofenotípica revelou presença de marcadores específicos de MSCs CD73 e CD90 e ausência de marcadores hematopoiéticos CD34, CD45 e CD79 sugerindo a presença de células mesenquimais multipotentes na membrana amniótica de gatos domésticos. Em condições apropriadas, estas células diferenciaram-se em linhagens específicas osteogênica e adipogênica. Entretanto, após inoculação em camundongos imunodeficientes não foi registrado formação de teratomas. Estes achados sugerem que o âmnio de gatos domésticos pode ser considerado uma importante fonte de MSCs com maior atração para medicina regenerativa.
Title in English
Isolation and characterization of Mesenchymal cells from cat amniotic membrane
Keywords in English
Amnion
Cats
Differentiation
Fetal tissues
Mesenchymal cells
Stem cells
Abstract in English
The amnion derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) are multipotent cells with a high ability to differentiate into multiple lineages. They can be obtained by non-invasive methods and therefore are exempt from the normal ethical problems involving stem cell use. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize the progenitor mesenchymal cells from the cat amniotic membrane for future application in cell therapy. The cells were isolated from four fetal membranes collected after a routine ovarian hysterectomy process from cats in their third gestational trimester, under general anesthesia. The dorsal portion of amnion was mechanically separated, washed with PBS and subjected to collagenase digestion. The isolated cells were propagated in culture media (DMEMF12 or -MEM) and frozen in various passages while the growing kinetics and cell morphology were analyzed. In culture medium, AMSCs were adherent to the plastic culture dish and had a morphology similar to fibroblasts. Immunophenotyping assays showed the presence of MSCs specific markers CD73 and CD90 and absence of hematopoietic markers CD34, CD45 and CD79 suggesting the presence of multipotent mesenchymal cells in the cat amniotic membrane. Under appropriate conditions, these cells differentiated into osteogenic and adipogenic cell lineages. Moreover, after injection into immunodeficient mice, no tumors were generated. These findings suggest that the cat amniotic membrane can be considered an important and useful source of MSCs for regenerative medicine.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-05-29
 
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