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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.10.2014.tde-25072014-134042
Document
Author
Full name
Kalena Barros da Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Santos, Selma Maria de Almeida (President)
Guimarães, Marcelo Alcindo de Barros Vaz
Whitton, Renata Guimarães Moreira
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação do espermograma da jararaca-ilhoa, Bothrops insularis, (Serpentes: Viperidae) mantidas em cativeiro
Keywords in Portuguese
Bothrops insularis
Avaliação de sêmen
Espermatozoide
Maturidade sexual
Squamata
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho teve como objetivo principal avaliar o sêmen da jararaca ilhoa, Bothrops insularis, quanto ao volume, motilidade, vigor e concentração, além de verificar se estes paramentos estão relacionados ao comprimento ou massa dos animais ou se variam ao longo das estações, uma vez que esta espécie possui ciclo reprodutivo sazonal. Para tanto, foram avaliadas amostras de sêmen de 18 machos, com comprimento rostro-cloacal (CRC) variando de 43,5 a 73,70 cm, pertencentes ao plantel do Laboratório de Ecologia e Evolução do Instituto Butantan, entre os meses de agosto de 2012 e maio de 2013. O sêmen de Bothrops insularis apresentou coloração variando de esbranquiçada a amarelada e consistência cremosa e espessa. Foi possível observar amostras de sêmen viáveis em todos os 18 animais avaliados, indicando que animais com CRC igual ou acima de 43,5 cm já são sexualmente maduros. O espermatozoide de Bothrops insularis é filiforme, possui cabeça alongada, fina e com formato pontiagudo, seguindo o padrão morfológico descrito para outros Squamata. Não foi observada nenhuma relação entre o comprimento, massa e cada um dos parâmetros seminais avaliados. Foi observada variação significativa da motilidade e da concentração do sêmen de Bothrops insularis entre as estações, porém o volume e o vigor do sêmen não variaram. Foi no outono, época de cópula da espécie, que o sêmen apresentou as maiores médias para os parâmetros avaliados.
Title in English
Seminal evaluation of the golden lancehead, Bothrops insularis (Serpentes: Viperidae), under captive conditions
Keywords in English
Bothrops insularis
Sexually mature
Sperm
Sperm analysis
Squamata
Abstract in English
This study aimed to evaluate sperm parameters of the golden lancehead, Bothrops insularis, including appearance, sperm motility, vigor, volume and concentration, determine if these parameters varied with body size or weight and to verify whether these vestments vary throughout seasons, since this species has a seasonal reproductive cycle. Samples of semen of 18 males with snout-vent length (SVL) ranging from 43.5 to 73.70 cm, belonging to the squad of the Ecology and Evolution Laboratory at Instituto Butantan, were collected between August 2012 and May 2013. Sperm color from Bothrops insularis ranged from whitish to yellowish, and a creamy and thick consistency. Viable sperm was observed in samples from all 18 males evaluated, indicating that animals with SVL equal to or above 43.5 cm are sexually mature. Sperm of Bothrops insularis is thready, has elongated, thin and pointed shaped head, following the morphological pattern described for other Squamata. No relationship between length, mass and each of seminal parameters evaluated was observed. Significant variation of concentration and motility of semen from Bothrops insularis between seasons was observed, but volume and vigor did not change. It was during Fall, mating season of the species, that sperm had the highest means for all parameters evaluated.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-08-22
 
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