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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.10.2012.tde-11102012-142919
Document
Author
Full name
Marina Galvão Bueno
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Dias, José Luiz Catão (President)
Epiphanio, Sabrina
Kierulff, Maria Cecília Martins
Maiorka, Paulo César
Monteiro, Rafael Veríssimo
Title in Portuguese
Pesquisa de Leishmania spp. e Plasmodium spp. em primatas neotropicais provenientes de regiões de Mata Atlântica e Amazônia impactadas por ações antrópicas: investigação in situ e ex situ
Keywords in Portuguese
Leishmania
Plasmodium
Amazônia
Mata Atlântica
Parasitologia
Primatas Neotropicais
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho investigou a ocorrência de infecções causadas por Plasmodium spp. e Leishmania spp. em primatas neotropicais mantidos em cativeiro e de vida livre, oriundos de regiões impactadas pelo homem nos biomas Mata Atlântica e Amazônia. Os agentes parasitários investigados são responsáveis por processos zoonóticos que acometem humanos, animais domésticos e selvagens, com significativas perdas ambientais e econômicas. Amostras biológicas foram colhidas e submetidas para análise parasitária por testes sorológicos e moleculares. Com relação aos plasmódios, os resultados alcançados sugerem a transmissão de Plasmodium spp. entre os primatas de cativeiro e de vida livre. No estado de São Paulo, nossos dados apontam para a circulação de P. malariae e P. simium, sendo este último encontrado em Callicebus nigrifrons. Na Amazônia, nossos dados indicam a circulação de P. brasilianum. Com relação às leishmanias, demonstramos que circula entre os primatas de cativeiro do estado de São Paulo a L. (L.) chagasi, as L. (L.) amazonenses e as leishmanias do complexo Viannia. Na região amazônica, 5,2% (1/19) foram positivos no PCR de sangue para L. (L.) chagasi. Os resultados deste trabalho podem subsidiar abordagens sanitárias públicas e veterinárias com relação aos primatas neotropicais existentes no estado de São Paulo e nas regiões Amazônicas.
Title in English
Survey of Leishmania spp. and Plasmodium spp. in neotropical primates form Atlantic Forest and Amazon Regions impacted by humans activities: in situ and ex situ study
Keywords in English
Leishmania
Plasmodium
Amazon
Atlantic Forest
Neotropical Primates
Parasitology
Abstract in English
This study investigated the occurrence of infections caused by Plasmodium spp. and Leishmania spp. in neotropical primates. Specimens were obtained both in captivity and in the wild in regions impacted by human activities in the Atlantic Forest and Amazon, Brazil. The pathogens investigated are responsible for significant zoonotic processes that affect humans, domestic and wild animals, with significant economic and environmental losses. The samples were collected and submitted for analysis by serological and molecular tests. The results suggest the transmission of Plasmodium spp. in primates from captive to those in the wild. In São Paulo state our data point for the presence of P. malariae and P. simium, this latter being found in Callicebus nigrifrons. In the Amazon, our data indicate the presence of P. brasilianum. Leishmania (L.) chagasi, L. (L.) amazonensis and the Leishmania Viannia complex circulates among the captive primates in São Paulo state. In the Amazon, 5.2% (1/19) of the primates sampled were detected by PCR as positive for L. (L.) chagasi. The results of this work may improve animal and public health approaches in relation to the neotropical primates in the regions studied.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-05-24
 
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