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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.10.2011.tde-19102012-082041
Document
Author
Full name
Tarso Felipe Teixeira
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Dagli, Maria Lucia Zaidan (President)
Gioso, Marco Antonio
Mennecier, Gregory
Pinto, Luciano de Morais
Sá, Lilian Rose Marques de
Title in Portuguese
Melanomas melânicos e amelânicos da cavidade bucal de cães: aspectos epidemiológicos, morfológicos e moleculares
Keywords in Portuguese
Amelânico
Caderina-E
Conexinas
Melanoma
Metaloproteinases
Abstract in Portuguese
Melanoma é uma neoplasia maligna com comportamento agressivo considerado o câncer mais comum da cavidade bucal de cães. Ele pode ser classificado quanto a morfologia celular em epitelióide, fusiforme e misto ou quanto ao fenótipo: melânico ou amelânico. Estudos têm sugerido que os melanomas amelânicos são mais agressivos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o comportamento dos melanomas da cavidade bucal dos cães, quantificando a expressão das Cx26 e 43, caderina-E, MMPs 2 e 9 e proliferação celular. Para tanto foram coletados 25 melanomas provenientes de cães atendidos no HOVET FMVZ-USP (16 melânicos e 9 amelânicos). Após a cirurgia os animais foram acompanhados até a morte, sendo que 5 animais foram eutanasiados (2 antes da cirurgia e 3 após o procedimento cirúrgico, devido ao sofrimento físico). Os tumores eram diagnosticados através do histopatológico e classificados de acordo com OMS (1998). Para confirmação dos melanomas amelânicos foi utilizado à técnica de imuno-histoquímica com o perfil de anticorpos pré-estabelecidos. A proliferação celular foi quantificada através do uso de PCNA, índice apoptótico e caspase-3. O comportamento tumoral foi avaliado através da técnica de imuno-histoquímica para caderina-E e MMPs 2 e 9. E a expressão das Cxs foram avaliadas através da imunofluorescência e western blot. Cães com melanma amelânico apresentaram menor sobrevida, com aumento do número de metástase, fraca marcação para caderina-E e alta intensidade para as MMPs 2 e 9, aumento de células positivas para PCNA e índice mitótico, e diminuição da caspase-3, não havendo diferença significante quanto aos tipos histotógicos. Houve diminuição de expressão das Cxs entre os amelânicos, no entanto, aumento da síntese do gene de CX 26 entre o mesmo grupo, o que se verificou através do PCR em Tempo Real. Nossos achados sugerem que os melanomas da cavidade bucal de cães apresentam um comportamento mais agressivo
Title in English
Melanotic and amelanotic melanomas from the buccal cavity of dogs: epidemiological, morphological and molecular aspects
Keywords in English
Amelanotic
Connexins
E-Cadherin
Melanoma
Metalloproteinases
Abstract in English
Melanoma is a malignant neoplasm with aggressive behavior considered the most common cancer of the buccal cavity in dogs. It can be classified as cell morphology in epithelioid, spindle and mixed or on the phenotype, in melanotic or amelanotic. Studies have suggested that amelanotic melanomas are more aggressive. The aim of this study was to evaluate the behavior of melanoma of the buccal cavity of dogs, quantifying the expression of Connexins 26 and 43, E-cadherin, MMPs 2 and 9 and cell proliferation. For both melanomas were collected from 25 dogs attended at HOVET FMVZ (USP) (16 melanotic and 9 amelanotic melanomas). After the surgery, the animals were followed until death, so 5 animals were euthanized (2 before surgery and 3 after surgery, due to physical suffering). The tumors were diagnosed by histopathology and classified according to WHO (1998). For confirmation of amelanotic melanomas it was used the technique of immune-histochemistry with the antibody profile pre-established. Cell proliferation was quantified by using PCNA, apoptotic index and caspase-3. The tumor behavior was evaluated using the technique of immune-histochemistry for E-cadherin and MMPs 2 and 9. And the expression of Cxs was evaluated by immune-fluorescence and western blot. Dogs with amelanotic melanoma had lower survival with increasing number of metastatic, weak immunoreactivity for E-cadherin and high intensity for MMP 2 and 9, an increase of cells positive for PCNA and mitotic index, and decreased caspase-3, no significant difference in the morphologic subtypes. There was a decrease of expression of Cxs between amelanotic, however, increased synthesis of CX 26 gene among the same group, which was verified by real time PCR. Our findings suggest that melanomas of the buccal cavity of dogs exhibited more aggressive behavior.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-04-16
 
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