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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.10.2006.tde-26012007-171939
Document
Author
Full name
Claudia Filoni
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Dias, José Luiz Catão (President)
Duarte, José Maurício Barbanti
Ferreira Neto, José Soares
Matushima, Eliana Reiko
Pereira, César Augusto Dinóla
Title in Portuguese
Exposição de felídeos selvagens a agentes infecciosos selecionados
Keywords in Portuguese
Bactérias
Doenças Infecciosas
Felidae
Piroplasmida
Vírus
Abstract in Portuguese
Este estudo avaliou a exposição de 12 espécies de felídeos selvagens de vida livre (n=22) e mantidas em cativeiro (n=210) no Brasil a 16 agentes potencialmente patogênicos para membros da família Felidae, como herpesvírus felino 1 (FHV 1), calicivírus felino (FCV), parvovírus felino (FPV), coronavírus felino (FCoV), vírus da leucemia felina (FeLV), vírus da imunodeficiência felina (FIV), lentivírus de puma (PLV), vírus da cinomose canina (CDV), Bartonella henselae, Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Mycoplasma haemofelis, ′Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum′, Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis′, Theileria sp e Cytauxzoon sp, através do emprego de IFA, Western blot, ELISA e TaqMan® PCR e RT-PCR em amostras de soro, sangue, fezes e suabes orais, conforme as amostras disponíveis para cada animal. A detecção direta de patógenos ou de anticorpos demonstrou que populações de felídeos selvagens no Brasil estão expostas pelo menos ao FHV 1, FCV, FPV, FCoV, FeLV e lentivírus felinos, Bartonella henselae, Ehrlichia canis, Mycoplasma haemofelis, ′Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum′ e Cytauxzoon sp, ou agentes relacionados, quais provavelmente contribuem em quadros não diagnosticados de morbidade e/ou mortalidade das populações de felídeos selvagens no País. A presença de patógenos comuns de carnívoros domésticos em felídeos selvagens aponta para a necessidade de cuidadoso monitoramento destas infecções através de uma abordagem integrada e multidisciplinar
Title in English
Exposure of wild felids to selected infectious agents
Keywords in English
Bacteria
Felidae
Infectious Diseases
Piroplasmida
Virus
Abstract in English
This study evaluated exposure of 12 nondomestic felid species, both free-ranging (n=22) and captive (n=210) in Brazil to 16 potential pathogenic agents for members of Felid family, as feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV 1), feline calicivirus (FCV), feline parvovirus (FPV), feline coronavirus (FCoV), feline leukemia virus (FeLV), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), puma lentivirus (PLV), canine distemper virus (CDV), Bartonella henselae, Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Mycoplasma haemofelis, ′Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum′, Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis′, Theileria sp, and Cytauxzoon sp, using IFA, Western blot, ELISA, and TaqMan® PCR and RT-PCR in serum, blood, feces and oral swabs, according to available samples for each animal. The antibody or agents detection demonstrated that Brazilian wild felid populations are exposed to at least FHV 1, FCV, FPV, FCoV, FeLV, puma lentivirus (PLV), Bartonella henselae, Ehrlichia canis, Mycoplasma haemofelis, ′Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum′, and Cytauxzoon sp, related agents, which probably contribute to undiagnosed morbidity and/or mortality scenarios for the Brazilian populations of wild felids. The presence of common domestic carnivore pathogens in wild felids address the need of close monitoring of such infections throughout an integrative and multidisciplinary approach
 
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ClaudiaFiloni.pdf (5.05 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-03-01
 
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