• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.10.2002.tde-03052004-144546
Document
Author
Full name
Rosana Tabata
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2002
Supervisor
Committee
Vasconcellos, Silvio Arruda (President)
Girio, Raul José da Silva
Ito, Fumio Honma
Title in Portuguese
Proteção cruzada entre bacterinas antileptospirose produzidas com três representantes do Sorogrupo Sejroe. Ensaio experimental em hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus)
Keywords in Portuguese
leptospira
anticorpos neutralizantes
hamsters
soro sangüíneo
vacinas
Abstract in Portuguese
Foi investigada a existência de proteção cruzada entre bacterinas bivalentes formuladas com um de três representantes do Sorogrupo Sejroe: hardjo (bacterina A), wolffi (bacterina B) e guaricura (bacterina C), e uma estirpe do sorovar pomona, empregada por ser patogênica para hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) e possibilitar a realização do teste de potência com desafio. Os ensaios foram efetuados em hamsters machos, comparando-se os níveis de anticorpos aglutinantes e neutralizantes, respectivamente obtidos nos testes de soroaglutinação microscópica (SAM) e inibição de leptospiras in vitro (ICL). Os animais receberam duas doses de vacinas via subcutânea; aos dez dias da segunda dose, foram inoculados com culturas não inativadas dos respectivos sorovares do Sorogrupo Sejroe. Aos 21 dias pós-infecção (d.p.i.), os animais foram sangrados, os soros (n=8) foram agrupados em pools e submetidos aos testes de SAM e ICL. O teste de potência com desafio para o sorovar pomona foi adaptado do protocolo preconizado pelo United States Department of Agriculture, mas as vacinas não foram diluídas e o esquema de imunização empregou duas aplicações de 1,0mL pela via subcutânea em intervalo de dez dias; o desafio foi efetuado aos dez dias da segunda aplicação; os óbitos por leptospirose foram registrados e, aos 21 d.p.i., os sobreviventes foram sacrificados e a condição de portadores renais foi investigada através de cultivos de tecido renal para isolamento de leptospiras. No teste de potência com o sorovar pomona, o número de doses infectantes empregado para desafio (100) situou-se dentro da faixa preconizada (10 a 100); respectivamente para as bacterinas A, B e C, as proporções de mortes por leptospirose entre os animais vacinados foram de 1/10, 0/10 e 3/10, e as de portadores renais de leptospiras entre os sobreviventes foram 2/9, 1/10 e 2/7. Os resultados do teste SAM revelaram que a bacterina A induziu reações para os sorovares hardjo e wolffi; a bacterina B, para hardjo, wolffi e guaricura, e a bacterina C, apenas para a guaricura, e do teste de ICL, que animais vacinados com as bacterinas B ou C apresentaram proteção para hardjo, wolffi e guaricura; entretanto, a bacterina A conferiu proteção apenas para wolffi. Apesar das variações no poder imunogênico segundo a estirpe de leptospira empregada para a produção das bacterinas, houve proteção cruzada entre os sorovares hardjo, wolffi e guaricura.
Title in English
Cross-protection among leptospiral bacterins produced with three representatives of Serogroup Sejroe. Experimental assay in hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus)
Keywords in English
lepstospira
blood serum
hamsters
neutralizing antibodies
vaccines
Abstract in English
The existence of cross-protection among bivalent bacterins, produced with one of three leptospires belonging to Serogroup Sejroe: hardjo (bacterin A), wolffi (bacterin B) and guaricura (bacterin C), and a strain of serovar pomona (included because of its pathogenicity to hamsters and the possibility of performing potency assay with challenge), was investigated in male hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) by comparison of agglutinating and neutralizing antibodies titers, respectively measured by microscopic agglutination (MAT) and in vitro growth inhibition (GIT) tests. All animals received two doses of bacterins by subcutaneous route; after ten days from the second dose, they were inoculated with non-inactivated cultures of respective serovars of Serogroup Sejroe. At 21 post-challenge day (p.c.d.), all animals were bled and their sera (n=8) were joined in pools and tested by MAT and GIT. The potency assay with challenge performed only with serovar pomona was modified from protocol of USDA, but vaccines were not diluted and the immunization schedule employed two 1.0 mL vaccine doses by subcutaneous route with 10?day interval; the challenge was performed after ten days from the second dose; the number of deaths due to leptospirosis was registered; at 21 p.c.d., the survivors were sacrificed and their renal carrier state was investigated by culture of renal tissue for leptospires isolation. In the potency assay with serovar pomona, the number of infectious doses employed for challenge (100 infective units) was in accordance with the recommended range (10-1,000 infective units); respectively to bacterins A, B and C, proportions of deaths due to leptospirosis among vaccinated animals were 1/10, 0/10 and 3/10, and proportions of leptospires renal carrier among survivors were 2/9, 1/10 and 2/7. Results of MAT showed that bacterin A induced reactions against serovars hardjo and wolffi; bacterin B, against hardjo, wolffi and guaricura, and bacterin C, against guaricura; results of GIT revealed that vaccinated animals with bacterins B or C presented protection against serovar hardjo, wolffi and guaricura; however, bacterin A induced protection only against wolffi. A cross?protection was observed among serovars hardjo, wolffi and guaricura, although variations exist in the immunogenic capacity according to the strain of leptospires used for the bacterins production.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
rosanatabata.pdf (1.12 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2004-11-05
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.