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Master's Dissertation
Full name
Josana Kapronezai
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2004
Benites, Nilson Roberti (President)
Langoni, Hélio
Libera, Alice Maria Melville Paiva Della
Title in Portuguese
Estudo de provas microbiológicas e celulares em amostras de leite provenientes de fêmeas bubalinas (Bubalus bubalis) no Estado de São Paulo
Keywords in Portuguese
células somáticas
mastite animal
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho teve como objetivo a análise microbiológica das amostras de leite de fêmeas bubalinas, a avaliação da quantidade de UFC/mL dos microrganismos isolados e a contagem de células somáticas/mL. Os quartos mamários foram submetidos ao teste de tamis e CMT e foram colhidas 262 amostras de leite de fêmeas bubalinas primíparas e pluríparas; para análise microbiológica, quantificação das UFC/mL e contagem de células somáticas/mL. A contagem das células somáticas foi realizada através da leitura em microscopia ótica dos esfregaços de leite. A leitura foi realizada utilizando-se a totalidade dos campos existentes no esfregaço de 1cm2. No teste do tamis, 99,6% das amostras apresentaram resultado negativo. No CMT, observamos resultado negativo em 88,2% das amostras; traços (8%), positivo 1+ (1,5%); positivo 2+ (1,15%); positivo 3+ (1,15%). A análise microbiológica apresentou amostras sem crescimento de microrganismos (75,6%); isolamento de Staphylococcus spp. (11,8%); Corynebacterium spp. (7,3%); Streptococcus spp, (3,1%) e crescimento de microrganismos associados (1,2%). A contagem total de células somáticas das amostras avaliadas apresentou mediana de 2300 células/mL de leite; a mediana da contagem de PMN e MN foi, respectivamente, 700 células/mL e 1500 células/ml de leite, com diferença estatisticamente significante (P<0,0001). As quantidades totais de células somáticas/mL e as quantidades de células polimorfonucleares e mononucleares nas amostras negativas ao exame microbiológico foram estatisticamente menores do que nas amostras que apresentaram isolamento de microrganismos. A mediana relativa às quantidade de UFC/mL foi de 550 UFC/mL para as amostras com isolamento de Corynebacterium spp.; 500 UFC/mL para as amostras com isolamento de Staphylococcus spp e 1100 UFC/mL para Streptococcus spp. ,sendo que não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre eles. Concluiu-se que a espécie bubalina, apresenta baixos índices de mastite; nas amostras com isolamento de microrganismos, o número de UFC/mL é pequeno.Existe um número de animais que apresenta resultado positivo no exame microbiológico do leite, sem contudo apresentar sinais de processo inflamatório.
Title in English
Study of microbiological and cellular tests on milk samples from buffalo females (Bubalus bubalis) in State of São Paulo
Keywords in English
animal mastitis
somatic cells
Abstract in English
The aim of the present study was the microbiological analysis of milk samples from female buffaloes, the amount evaluation of CFU/mL of the isolated microorganisms and the somatic cells counting/mL. The mammary quarters were submitted to strip cup test and CMT and 262 milk samples were colletected from buffalo cows to microbiological analysis, CFU/mL quantification and somatic cells counting. The somatic cells countings were obtained through optical microscopy reading of the milk smears, where all fields of the 1 cm2 smears area were considered. In the strip cup test, 99,6% of the samples had negative results. In the CMT, the negative results were observed in 88,2% of the samples; traces (8%), 1+ positive (1,5%), 2+ positive (1,15%) and 3+ positive (1,15%). The microbiological analysis resulted in samples with no microorganism growth (75,6%); Staphylococcus spp (11,8%); Corynebacterium spp (7,3%) and Streptococcus spp (3,1%) and associated microorganisms growth (1,15%). The total counting of somatic cells in the evaluated milk samples showed median of 2300 cells/mL; while PMN and MN counting median were 700 cells/mL and 1500 cells/mL respectivelly, with a significant statisticall difference (P< 0,0001). The total somatic cells counting/mL and the amount of PMN and MN cells in the microbiological negative samples were statistically smaller than the findings in the samples that showed microorganism isolation. Concerning the amount of CFU/mL, the median obtained for samples with Corynebacterium spp was 550CFU/mL; 500 CFU/mL for Staphylococcus spp samples and 1100 CFU/mL for Streptococcus spp results, with no statiscally significant difference between them. It follows that he buffalo species has a low rate of mastitis; the number of CFU/mL is small in the microbiological positive samples. There are a number of animals that despite presenting milk microbiological exam with positive results, showed no signs of inflamatory process.
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