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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.10.2010.tde-17012011-163910
Document
Author
Full name
Giancarlo Balotim Mucciolo
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Vasconcellos, Silvio Arruda (President)
Ito, Fumio Honma
Miraglia, Fabiana
Title in Portuguese
Poder imunogênico de bacterina experimental anti leptospirose canina: ensaio em hamsters desafiados com estirpes de leptospiras dos sorovares Copenhageni e Canicola isoladas no Brasil
Keywords in Portuguese
Hamster
Leptospirose
Teste de potência
Vacina
Abstract in Portuguese
A proteção induzida por uma vacina comercial anti-leptospirose importada, bivalente produzida com estirpes de referência dos sorovares Icterohaemorrhagiae e Canicola, foi comparada a promovida por uma bacterina experimental, bivalente produzida com as estirpes autóctones M64/06 e LO-4, respectivamente dos sorovares Copenhageni e Canicola, isoladas no Brasil e tipificadas com anticorpos monoclonais produzidos pelo Royal Tropical Institut, Laboratório de Referência da Organização Mundial de Saúde. O ensaio foi conduzido pelo teste de potência com desafio em hamsters. A vacina experimental, bivalente foi inativada com fenol a 37%, ajustada para concentração de 108 leptospiras por mL, por sorovar e produzida nas versões com e sem adjuvante hidróxido de alumínio a 0,15%. Os hamsters foram imunizados com 0,25 mL de vacina, via subcutânea em duas aplicações com 15 dias de intervalo. Os desafios foram efetuados com as estirpes LO4 (Canicola) ou L1-130 (Copenhageni) isoladas no Brasil, respectivamente nas diluições de 10-3 e 10-1 no volume de 0,5 mL via intraperitoneal por animal, 15 dias após a última dose da vacina. A estirpe de desafio do sorovar Copenhageni foi caracterizada, por anticorpos monoclonais, como idêntica a M64/06 e foi escolhida devido a apresentar melhor regularidade em termos de patogenicidade para os hamsters. Decorridos 20 dias do desafio os hamsters sobreviventes foram eutanasiados em câmara de CO2, necropsiados e nos seus rins foi efetuada a pesquisa do estado de portador de leptospiras por cultivo em meio de Fletcher. Nos desafios efetuados com a estirpe autóctone, L1-130 do sorovar Copenhageni foi obtida a proteção contra a doença clínica em oito de dez animais, para as duas vacinas experimentais, no entanto, entre os sobreviventes, houve portadores renais de leptospiras, em maior número para a vacina sem adjuvante (n=5), quando comparado a vacina acrescida de Al(OH)3, (n=3); para a vacina comercial a proteção foi total, tanto contra a doença como quanto a infecção não havendo qualquer morte por leptospirose e todos os cultivos renais dos sobreviventes foram negativos para leptospiras. Nos desafios efetuados com a estirpe autóctone, LO4 do sorovar Canicola, a proteção conferida pelas três vacinas ensaiadas foi total, não havendo mortes por leptospirose e todos os sobreviventes apresentaram resultados negativos para leptospiras nos cultivos de tecido renal. Os números de DL50 empregadas nos inóculos de desafio foram superiores a 10.000, para os dois sorovares ensaiados, pois na titulação dos inóculos morreram mais do que 50% dos animais até a última diluição testada. Foi, portanto, demonstrado a existência de proteção cruzada entre os sorovares Copenhageni e Icterohaemorrhagiae e que a bacterina importada foi capaz de induzir proteção contra a doença e contra a infecção para estirpes de leptospiras autóctones dos sorovares Canicola e Copenhageni isoladas no Brasil. Nos desafios efetuados com o sorovar Canicola a vacina experimental induziu proteção contra a doença e contra a infecção, mas nos que empregaram o sorovar Copenhageni houve proteção apenas contra a doença, constatando-se menor número de portadores renais de leptospiras entre os animais imunizados com a bacterina experimental acrescida do adjuvante de hidróxido de alumínio.
Title in English
Immunogenic power of an experimental canine antileptospirosis bacterin: assay in hamsters challenged with strains of leptospiras serovars Copenhageni and Canicola isolated in Brazil
Keywords in English
Hamster
Leptospirosis
Potency test
Vaccine
Abstract in English
The protection induced by an imported commercial bivalent anti-leptospirosis vaccine produced with the reference strain of the serovars Icterohaemorrhagiae and Canicola was compared to one promoted by an experimental, bivalent bacterial vaccine produced with the indigenous strains M64/06 and LO-4, respectively of the serovars Copenhageni and Canicola isolated in Brazil and typified with monoclonal antibodies produced by the Royal Tropical Institut, Reference Laboratory of the World Health Organization. The assay was conducted by using the potency test with challenge in hamsters. The experimental bivalent vaccine was inactivated with 37% phenol and adjusted at a concentration of 108 leptospires/mL, for each serovar and produced in the versions with and without adjuvant (0.15% aluminium hydroxide). The hamsters were immunized by 0.25 mL of vaccine, by subcutaneous route in two applications with 15 days of interval. Fifteen days after receiving the last dose of the vaccine, the challenges were performed by employing the strains LO4 (Canicola) or L1-130 (Copenhageni), which were isolated in Brazil, respectively at the dilution of 10-3 and 10-1, in the volume of 0.5 mL/each animal by the intraperitoneal route. The challenge strain serovar Copenhageni has been characterized as identical to M64/06 strain by means of monoclonal antibodies and it was chosen due to its better regularity in terms of pathogenicity determined in hamsters. After 20 days of the challenge, the surviving hamsters were sacrificed in CO2 chamber, submitted to necropsy and the kidneys were examined to test the carrier state of leptospires by cultivation in Fletcher's medium. In the challenges effectuated with the indigenous strain, L1-130 of the serovar Copenhageni the protection was obtained against the clinical disease in eight of ten animals, for two experimental vaccines, however, among the survivors, there were renal carriers of leptospires, in higher number for the vaccine without containing the adjuvant (n=5), when compared to the one added with Al (OH) (n=3). For the commercial vaccine, the protection was total both against the disease and as for infection, when no death was found in consequence of leptospirosis and all the renal cultures of the survivors were negative for leptospires. In the challenges performed with the indigenous strain LO4 of the serovar Canicola, the protection conferred by the three vaccines tested was total, without observing any deaths due to leptospirosis and all the survivors presented negative culturing results for leptospires in the renal tissue. The challenge doses of the inocula were superior to 10,000 LD50, for the two serovars tested, since in the titration of the inocula have died more than 50 % of the animals up to the last tested dilution. So, the crossed protection existing between the serovars Copenhageni and Icterohaemorrhagiae was demonstrated and that the imported bacterial vaccine was able to induce protection against the disease and against the infection for the native strains of leptospires serovars Canicola and Copenhageni isolated in Brazil. In the challenges effectuated with the serovar Canicola, the experimental vaccine induced protection against the disease and against the infection, but in vaccine employing the serovar Copenhageni, protection was found only against the disease, when less number of renal carriers of leptospires was observed among the animals immunized with the experimental vaccine added with the aluminium hydroxide adjuvant.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-02-15
 
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