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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.10.2004.tde-19102006-144342
Document
Author
Full name
Ronaldo Lucas
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2004
Supervisor
Committee
Larsson, Carlos Eduardo (President)
Dagli, Maria Lucia Zaidan
Laus, José Luiz
Pimentel, Eugênio Raul de Almeida
Pinto, Ana Carolina Brandão de Campos Fonseca
Title in Portuguese
Monitorização e mensuração tomográfica de diferentes técnicas de crioterapia em pele de cães da raça Beagle, e sua relação com as medidas da necrose estimadas pela histopatologia
Keywords in Portuguese
Criocirurgia
Crioterapia
Histopatologia animal
Tomografia computadorizada
Abstract in Portuguese
O uso do frio pela medicina é muito antigo, utilizado inicialmente de forma empírica, teve grandes avanços nos séculos XIV e XX, evoluindo juntamente com a Física. O surgimento de novas técnicas e equipamentos, possibilitou à crioterapia tornar-se uma importante opção no tratamento de neoplasias, benignas e malignas, de diferentes órgãos (tais como fígado, próstata, pâncreas e mamas) e sistemas (ósseo, neurológico e tegumentar). O grande desenvolvimento tecnológico permitiu além do maior número de indicações, melhores resultados, mormente com o uso de técnicas de imagem para o acompanhamento do procedimento. Porém, poucos são os trabalhos que enfocam a monitorização e mensuração do congelamento, pela tomografia computadorizada, bem como avaliação da necrose obtida. No presente trabalho propôs-se avaliar as relações entre as medidas obtidas pela tomografia computadorizada, em 20 cães da raça Beagle, durante o congelamento por aplicação do nitrogênio pela sonda fechada (75 segundos), spray (75 e 135 segundos) e derramamento (75 segundos), comparando estas medidas com aquelas mensuradas pela histopatologia da necrose provocada, para posteriormente avaliar a efetividade dos métodos e criar protocolos de tratamento. Os valores de diâmetro, raio, profundidade e volume do congelamento foram comparados entre si e, com os respectivos valores da necrose após 96 horas do procedimento. Os valores foram submetidos a análise de variância de medidas repetidas e teste de Bonferroni (p<0,05). Constatou-se que: a técnica de sonda fechada oferece congelamento e subseqüente necrose mais superficial que os outros métodos, sendo a técnica menos efetiva; em todas as técnicas o volume, diâmetro e profundidade são inferiores no tecido necrosado quando comparados aos seus similares naquele congelado; em nenhuma das quatro técnicas a profundidade de congelamento foi equivalente ao seu raio. Finalmente, houve a possibilidade de desenvolvimento de protocolos alternativos de congelamento a partir da profundidade de necrose pretendida (hf), obtendo-se como resultado (sonda - Di = hf / 0,29; spray I; Di = hf / 0,31; spray II - Di = hf / 0,35; derramamento -Di = hf / 0,38) o diâmetro do congelamento (Di) necessário para o êxito do tratamento
Title in English
Computed tomography monitoring and mensuration of different cryotherapy techniques on the skin of Beagle dogs and their association with necrosis assessment through histopathological analysis
Keywords in English
Animal histopathology
Computed tomography
Cryosurgery
Cryotherapy
Abstract in English
The use of cold by Medicine is a very old practice, initially used empirically, which had significant advances in the XIV and XX centuries, developing along with Physics. The appearance of new techniques and equipment turned cryotherapy into an important option in the treatment of benign and malignant neoplasms in different organs (such as the liver, the prostate, the pancreas and breasts) and systems (bone, neurological and tegumentary). The large technological development resulted in a higher number of indications as well as better results, especially with the concomitant use of imaging techniques to follow the procedure. However, few studies focus on the monitoring and mensuration of freezing through computed tomography, as well as the assessment of the resulting necrosis. Our study aims at evaluating the association between the measurements obtained through computed tomography in 20 Beagle dogs during freezing by liquid nitrogen use through a probe (75 sec), spray (75 and 135 sec) and overflow (75 sec), comparing these measurements to those obtained through histopathological analysis of the resulting necrosis, for later evaluation of the effectiveness of the methods and design of better treatment protocols. The values of diameter, radius, depth and volume of freezing were compared among them and also with the respective necrosis values 96 hours after the procedure. The values were submitted to analysis of variance of repeated measurements and Bonferroni test (p<0.05). We observed that the closed probe technique causes a more superficial freezing and resulting necrosis when compared to the other methods, being the less effective technique. In all techniques, the volume, diameter and depth are lower in the necrotic tissue when compared to those in the frozen tissue; none of the four techniques showed that freezing depth was equivalent to its radius. Finally, alternative freezing protocols could be developed from the depth of the intended necrosis (hf), resulting in the freezing diameter (Di) (probe - Di = hf/0.29; spray I; Di = hf/0.31; spray II Di = hf/0.35; overflow Di = hf/0.38), which is necessary for therapy success
 
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Publishing Date
2006-11-17
 
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