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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.10.2012.tde-21112013-175149
Document
Author
Full name
Valter de Medeiros Winkel
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Lucas, Silvia Regina Ricci (President)
Reche Junior, Archivaldo
Rodrigues, Lucas Campos de Sá
Title in Portuguese
Estudo das concentrações séricas de amilóide A, α-1 glicoproteína ácida e proteína C reativa em felinos com linfoma durante a quimioterapia
Keywords in Portuguese
α-1 glicoproteína ácida
Amilóide sérica A
Gatos
Linfoma
Proteína C reativa
Abstract in Portuguese
Linfomas pertencem a um grupo de neoplasias que têm em comum a origem em células linforreticulares, manifestando-se geralmente em tecidos linfóides. Em sua evolução, há uma reação generalizada do organismo de forma não específica contra as alterações sistêmicas que comprometem a homeostase, conhecida como resposta de fase aguda, a qual leva a uma importante alteração na síntese de proteínas pelo fígado, resultando no aumento de algumas proteínas conhecidas como proteínas de fase aguda, sendo as de maior relevância a amiloide sérica A, α-1 glicoproteína ácida e proteína C reativa. Foram objetivos deste estudo, definir o perfil eletroforético do felino com linfoma e avaliar as concentrações séricas de amilóide sérica A (ASA), α-1 glicoproteína ácida (GPA) e proteína C reativa (PCR) destes animais durante a quimioterapia, avaliando-se como possíveis indicadores de remissão de doença. Os grupos de estudo foram constituídos por 20 felinos clinicamente normais (controle) e 16 felinos com linfoma (experimental). Foram excluídos pacientes que apresentavam tratamentos prévios e/ou doenças concomitantes. A eletroforese das proteínas séricas foi realizada em tiras de acetato de celulose. Para as mensurações de ASA, GPA e PCR utilizaram-se kits comerciais, sendo as mesmas determinadas no grupo controle, uma única vez e, no grupo experimental, quando do diagnóstico e a cada 2 semanas durante 3 meses de tratamento. A análise estatística foi realizada com testes paramétricos, sendo o teste t não pareado utilizado para comparações entre os grupos controle e experimental no momento do diagnóstico e análise de variância simples (ANOVA), seguida do teste de comparações múltiplas de Tukey, para comparar o grupo experimental no diagnóstico e semanas de tratamento. Foram observadas diferenças significantes entre os grupos controle e experimental no momento do diagnóstico, com relação à GPA (p<0,0001), ASA (p=0,0028), PCR (p=0,0003), globulina (p=0,0087), relação albumina: globulinas (p<0,0001) e α-2 globulinas (p=0,0082). Quando se compararam os achados do grupo experimental no diagnóstico e nas semanas de tratamento houve diferença nos resultados referente à GPA (p=0,0021) e ASA (p=0,0053), enquanto os níveis de PCR não se alteraram significativamente (p=0,4510). Concluiu-se que os felinos com linfoma apresentaram uma expressiva resposta de fase aguda, caracterizada por aumento das concentrações séricas de α-1 glicoproteína ácida, amiloide sérica A e proteína C reativa, sendo a amilóide sérica A e α-1 glicoproteína ácida potenciais indicadores de remissão de doença naqueles pacientes que estavam com suas concentrações elevadas quando do diagnóstico.
Title in English
Study of amyloid A, α-1 acid glycoprotein and C-reactive protein concentrations in feline lymphoma during chemotherapy
Keywords in English
α-1 acid glycoprotein
C-reactive protein
Cats
Lymphoma
Serum amyloid A
Abstract in English
Lymphoma belongs to a group of malignancies that have in common their origin in lymphoreticular cells, and is generally manifested in lymphoid tissues. In its evolution, there is a generalized reaction of the organism against a non-specific systemic conditions that compromises the homeostasis, known as acute phase response, which leads to a significant change in protein synthesis by the liver, resulting in an increase of some proteins known as acute phase proteins, and the most relevant are serum amyloid A, α-1 acid glycoprotein and C-reactive protein. This study was designed to define the electrophoretic profile of feline lymphoma and to evaluate serum concentrations of serum amyloid A (ASA), α-1 acid glycoprotein (GPA) and C-reactive protein (PCR) of these animals during chemotherapy, evaluated as possible indicators of disease remission. The study groups consisted of 20 clinically normal cats (control) and 16 cats with lymphoma (experimental). We excluded patients who had previous treatments and/or concomitant diseases. Electrophoresis of serum proteins was conducted on strips of cellulose acetate. For measurements of ASA, GPA and PCR we used commercial kits, which are then determined, in the control group, only once and, in the experimental group, at diagnosis and every 2 weeks during 3 months of treatment. Statistical analysis was performed with parametric tests, where unparied t test was used for comparisons between control and experimental groups at diagnosis and simple analysis of variance (ANOVA) test followed by Tukey's multiple comparisons to compare the experimental group in the diagnosis and weeks of treatment. There were significant differences between control and experimental groups at diagnosis of α-1 acid glycoprotein (p<0,0001), serum amyloid A (p=0,0028), C-reactive protein (p=0,0003), total globulin (p=0,0087), albumin: globulin (p<0,0001) and α-2 globulins (p=0,0082). When comparing the experimental group in the diagnosis and weeks of treatment was significant in the results of α-1 acid glycoprotein (p=0,0021) and serum amyloid A (p=0,0053), whereas C-reactive protein did not change significantly (p=0,4510). It is concluded that cats with lymphoma have an expressive acute phase response, characterized by increased in serum concentrations of serum amyloid A, α-1 acid glycoprotein and C-reactive protein, and the serum amyloid A and alpha-1 acid glycoprotein reference potential indicators of remission in those patients who were with their high concentrations at diagnosis.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-12-09
 
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