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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.100.2013.tde-10092014-224957
Document
Author
Full name
Cleber Possani Junior
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Gonçalves, Carlos Henrique Barbosa (President)
Haddad, Thomás Augusto Santoro
Rede, Marcelo Aparecido
Title in Portuguese
Ferramentas cognitivas nas escolas de escribas da Antiga Babilônia
Keywords in Portuguese
Antiga Mesopotâmia
Cognição
Cultura escribal
Cultura material
História da matemática
Matemática babilônica
Abstract in Portuguese
A partir de uma avaliação crítica de propostas teóricas voltadas ao estudo histórico da cognição como as apresentadas por Jack Goody e Reviel Netz , este trabalho desenvolve uma possível aproximação entre novos modelos produzidos no campo das ciências cognitivas, em especial modelos de cognição corporalizada (embodied cognition), e as atuais interpretações dos textos matemáticos babilônicos. Propõe possíveis desenvolvimentos dessas interpretações através da identificação de um sistema cognitivo estendido específico da cultura escribal babilônica, fundado no uso de ferramentas cognitivas: as formas de produção da escrita cuneiforme, o repertório textual preservado pela tradição escribal e a própria instituição social escolar da eduba. Neste quadro, os conceitos matemáticos, as formas de percepção e ordenação da realidade material e a cognição escribal sobre o conceito de tempo se revelam dependentes da agência material dos tabletes cuneiformes, das práticas ligadas a eles e da posição social do escriba.
Title in English
Cognitive tools in Old Babylonian scribal schools
Keywords in English
Ancient Mesopotamia
Babylonian mathematics
Cognition
History of mathematics
Material culture
Scribal Culture
Abstract in English
From a critical evaluation of theoretical proposals aimed at the historical study of cognition as those presented by Jack Goody and Reviel Netz this paper explores a possible connection between new models coming from cognitive sciences, particularly "embodied cognition models, and current interpretations of Babylonian mathematical texts. It proposes possible developments of these interpretations through the recognition of an extended cognitive system, specific of Babylonian scribal culture, based on the use of cognitive tools: forms of production of cuneiform writing, the textual repertoire preserved by scribal tradition and the social institution of the eduba school. In this context, mathematical concepts, forms of perception and ordering of material reality and scribal cognition of the concept of time reveal themselves dependent on the material agency of cuneiform tablets, the practices linked to them and the social position of the scribe.
 
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Dissertacao.pdf (1.44 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2015-02-28
 
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