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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.100.2018.tde-27112017-103623
Document
Author
Full name
Fabio Maleronka Ferron
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Correa, Cynthia Harumy Watanabe (President)
Bonduki, Nabil Georges
Ortellado, Pablo
Romão, Wagner de Melo
Title in Portuguese
O primeiro fim do MinC
Keywords in Portuguese
Artistas
Cultura
Intelectuais
Leis de incentivo à cultura
Ministério da Cultura
Políticas culturais
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta dissertação propõe uma reflexão sobre as razões que levaram o presidente Fernando Collor a impor, de forma abrupta e imediata, mudanças profundas no setor cultural. Ao tomar posse, em 15 de março de 1990, Collor, por meio de Medidas Provisórias, extinguiu o MinC, dissolveu inúmeras fundações e determinou o fim da Lei Sarney. A pesquisa parte da discussão sobre o processo de construção do MinC em 1985, as polêmicas em torno da pertinência ou não de sua criação, e a campanha presidencial de 1989, focalizando fundamentalmente o ano de 1990, quando o presidente eleito impôs uma verdadeira mudança na cultura. A extensão e o significado do impacto causado pelas medidas baixadas naquele ano por Collor que levaram à extinção do MinC e da Lei Sarney e à dissolução de inúmeras fundações, bem como as repercussões que essas mudanças causaram na vida de artistas, intelectuais e gestores culturais que vivenciaram esse desmonte, são objetos de análise na presente investigação. No estudo, além de pesquisa documental, foram utilizados como fonte de análise empírica quatro periódicos de circulação nacional: os jornais Folha de S. Paulo, O Estado de S.Paulo, Jornal do Brasil e O Globo. A investigação envolveu também a análise de entrevistas, algumas delas realizadas pelo pesquisador em 2010 para a série Produção Cultural no Brasil. Além disso, entrevistas de tipo semiestruturado foram realizadas pelo pesquisador com gestores culturais e lideranças políticas que, durante o período analisado, atuaram na coordenação de órgãos federais e estadual específicos. Essas entrevistas semiestruturadas tiveram o propósito de atender ao objetivo da pesquisa e aos seus pressupostos metodológicos
Title in English
The First End of the MinC
Keywords in English
Artists
Cultural policies
Culture
Intellectuals
Laws to encourage culture
Ministry of Culture
Abstract in English
This dissertation proposes a reflection on the reasons that led President Fernando Collor to impose, abruptly and immediately, profound changes in the cultural sector. Upon taking office on March 15, 1990, Collor, through provisional measures, extinguished the MinC, dissolved numerous foundations and determined the end of the Sarney Law. The research is based on the discussion around the construction process of the MinC in 1985, the controversies surrounding the pertinence or not of its creation, and the presidential campaign of 1989, focusing fundamentally on the year 1990, when the president-elect imposed a real change in the culture. The extent and significance of the impact of the measures taken that year by Collor, and which led to the abolition of the MinC and the Sarney Act and the dissolution of countless foundations, as well as the repercussions that these changes have had on the lives of artists, intellectuals and cultural managers who experienced this dismantling, are objects of analysis in the present investigation. In addition to documentary research, four national newspapers were used as sources of an empirical analysis: Folha de S. Paulo, O Estado de S.Paulo, Jornal do Brasil and O Globo. The research also involved the analysis of interviews, some of them carried out by the researcher in 2010 for the series Cultural Production in Brazil. In addition, semi-structured interviews were conducted by the researcher with cultural managers and political leaders who, during the period analyzed, acted in the coordination of specific federal and state bodies. These semi-structured interviews had the purpose of meeting the research objective and its methodological assumptions
 
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Publishing Date
2018-02-06
 
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