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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.100.2018.tde-27112018-134131
Document
Author
Full name
Camila Espezio de Oliveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Igari, Alexandre Toshiro (President)
Calaboni, Adriane
Ranieri, Victor Eduardo Lima
Sinisgalli, Paulo Antonio de Almeida
Title in Portuguese
Variações na cobertura florestal e o comércio internacional de commodities agrícolas: uma investigação à luz da Teoria de Transição Florestal
Keywords in Portuguese
Desmatamento
Exportação de commodities
Ganho de florestas
Importação de commodities
Mudança de uso das terras
Abstract in Portuguese
A Teoria da Transição Florestal prevê recuperação das florestas a partir de alterações no foco da economia, onde os setores terciário e secundário substituiriam o setor primário. Críticos desta hipótese afirmam que a transição ocorre por meio do deslocamento da produção agropecuária ao exterior, enquanto os países produtores passariam por uma expansão da agricultura, perdendo cobertura florestal. Outros autores refutam o argumento de que o comércio internacional seria o principal canal de ligação entre a Transição Florestal em países importadores e o avanço das fronteiras agrícolas nos países produtores. Diante da divergência dos modelos explicativos, o presente estudo busca avaliar se o comércio internacional de commodities agrícolas promove o deslocamento das áreas de desmatamento de países importadores de commodities para países exportadores. Foram analisados dados de exportações e importações de soja em grão e óleo de palma pelos principais países nesses mercados, confrontando-os com dados de variação histórica da cobertura florestal nacional entre os anos de 1990 e 2015. Os resultados apontam que o comércio internacional de commodities agrícolas opera como um canal de realocação entre o ganho de florestas em países importadores e o desmatamento em países exportadores
Title in English
Variations in forest cover and international trade of agricultural commodities: an investigation in the light of the Forest Transition Theory
Keywords in English
Deforestation
Export of commodities
Forest gain
Import of commodities
Land use change
Abstract in English
The Forest Transition Theory predicts that forest recover arises from changes in the focus of the economy, where the service and industry sectors replace the agriculture sector. Critics affirm that the transition occurs through the displacement of agricultural production abroad, while producing countries would undertake agriculture an expansion and lose forest cover. Other authors refute the argument that international trade would be the main linkage between the Forest Transition occurrence in importing countries and the advance of agricultural frontiers in producing countries. Considering the divergence between explanatory models, this study seeks to assess whether the international trade of agricultural commodities promotes the displacement of deforestation areas from importing countries to commodity-exporting countries. Data of exports and imports of soya bean and palm oil from the main countries in these markets were confronted to the historical variation of national forest cover between 1990 and 2015. Results point out that international trade of agricultural commodities operates as a relocation channel between forest gains in importer countries and deforestation in exporter ones
 
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OLIVEIRACE2018.pdf (2.24 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2018-12-04
 
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