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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.106.2018.tde-27112017-100405
Document
Author
Full name
Mario Luiz Ferrari Pin
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Zilles, Roberto (President)
Benedito, Ricardo da Silva
Fadigas, Eliane Aparecida Faria Amaral
Pinho, João Tavares
Title in Portuguese
Levantamento do potencial de geração fotovoltaica com sistemas de microgeração aplicados à arquitetura nos edifícios do Campus São Paulo da USP
Keywords in Portuguese
geração distribuída
microgeração
simulação
sistemas fotovoltaicos
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar o potencial de geração fotovoltaica com sistemas de microgeração sobre os edifícios dentro do campus São Paulo da USP. As diferentes topologias de sistemas fotovoltaicos conectados à rede elétrica foram descritas, apresentando as vantagens e desvantagens de cada uma delas. Em 2012, com a edição da Resolução Normativa n°482 pela Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica (ANEEL), tornam-se possíveis no Brasil a instalação de sistemas de geração de energia a partir de fontes renováveis, de forma distribuída, onde o consumidor conectado à rede de distribuição injeta energia na rede elétrica e com isso gera créditos que são usados nos meses subsequentes. A Resolução Normativa n° 687 da ANEEL e o Convênio 16 do CONFAZ, ambos de 2015, estabeleceram novas regras que tornaram a geração distribuída mais atrativa economicamente, o que resultou no crescimento do número de instalações de forma acelerada a partir desse ano. A usina fotovoltaica do Instituto de Energia e Ambiente é formada por quatro instalações distintas e tem uma potência instalada de 540 kWp. Os dados de produção e de desempenho do primeiro ano de operação das instalações que se encontram sobre a Biblioteca Brasiliana Guita e José Mindlin e do Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros foram utilizados para que parâmetros mais adequados fossem inseridos no simulador de sistemas fotovoltaicos SISIFO. Com esses parâmetros, juntamente com dados solarimétricos do projeto SWERA e meteorológicos do INMET utilizou-se o software SISIFO para simular a capacidade de produção de energia elétrica a partir de sistemas fotovoltaicos de microgeração sobre os edifícios identificados no campus. A capacidade anual de produção de energia elétrica calculada para esses sistemas é de 2.600 MWh o que corresponde a 3,1% do consumo total de eletricidade do campus entre abril de 2015 e maio de 2016.
Title in English
Survey of the photovoltaic generation potential with microgeneration systems applied to architecture on the buildings of São Paulo campus of USP
Keywords in English
distributed generation
microgeneration
photovoltaic systems
simulation
Abstract in English
The goal of this work was to determine the potential of photovoltaic generation with microgeneration systems on the buildings within the São Paulo campus of USP. The different topologies of on grid photovoltaic systems were described, presenting the advantages and disadvantages of each one of them. In 2012, with the issuance of Normative Resolution No. 482 by the National Electric Energy Agency (ANEEL), it became possible in Brazil to install power generation systems from renewable sources in a distributed way, where consumers connected to the distribution network injects power into the grid and thereby generates credits that are used in the subsequent months. The Normative Resolution N ° 687 of ANEEL and CONFAZ Agreement 16, both of 2015, established new rules that made distributed generation more economically attractive, which resulted in an accelerated growth of the number of installations as of this year. The photovoltaic power plant of the Institute of Energy and Environment is formed by four distinct installations and has an installed power of 540 kWp. The production and performance data of the first year of operation of the facilities located on the Brasiliana Guita and José Mindlin Library and the Brazilian Institute of Studies were used to set the most appropriate parameters to be inserted in the SISIFO photovoltaic system simulator. With these parameters, together with solarimetric data from the SWERA project and meteorological data from INMET, SISIFO was used to simulate the electricity production capacity from photovoltaic microgeneration systems on the identified campus buildings. The annual electricity production capacity calculated for these systems is 2,600 MWh which corresponds to 3.1% of total campus consumption of electricity between April 2015 and May 2016.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-01-24
 
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