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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.11.2004.tde-16092004-154821
Document
Author
Full name
Adriano Ferreti Borgatto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2004
Supervisor
Committee
Demetrio, Clarice Garcia Borges (President)
Ferreira, Daniel Furtado
Giolo, Suely Ruiz
Leandro, Roseli Aparecida
Zocchi, Silvio Sandoval
Title in Portuguese
Modelos para proporções com superdispersão e excesso de zeros - um procedimento Bayesiano.
Keywords in Portuguese
controle biológico
inferência bayesiana (inferência estatística0
modelos lineares generalizados
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho, trˆes modelos foram ajustados a um conjunto de dados obtido de um ensaio de controle biol´ogico para Diatraea saccharalis, uma praga comum em planta¸c˜oes de cana-de-a¸c´ucar. Usando a distribui¸c˜ao binomial como modelo de probabilidade, um ajuste adequado n˜ao pode ser obtido, devido `a superdispers˜ao gerada pela variabililidade dos dados e pelo excesso de zeros. Nesse caso, o modelo binomial inflacionado de zeros (ZIB) superdisperso ´e mais flex´ývel e eficiente para a modelagem desse tipo de dados. Entretanto, quando o interesse maior est´a sobre os valores positivos das propor¸c˜oes, pode-se utilizar o modelo binomial truncado superdisperso. Uma abordagem alternativa eficiente que foi utilizada para a modelagem desse tipo de dados foi a Bayesiana, sendo o ajuste do modelo realizado usando as t´ecnicas de simula¸c˜ao Monte Carlo em Cadeias de Markov, atrav´es do algoritmo Metropolis-Hastings e a sele¸c˜ao dos modelos foi feita usando o DIC (Deviance Information Criterion) e o fator de Bayes. Os modelos foram implementados no procedimento IML (Iteractive Matrix Linear) do programa SAS (Statistical Analysis System) e no programa WinBUGS e a convergˆencia das estimativas foi verificada atrav´es da an´alise gr´afica dos valores gerados e usando os diagn´osticos de Raftery & Lewis e de Heidelberger & Welch, implementado no m´odulo CODA do programa R.
Title in English
Models for zero-inflated and overdispersed proportion data - a bayesian approach.
Keywords in English
bayesian inference (statistic inference)
biological control
generalized linear models
Abstract in English
In general the standard binomial regression models do not fit well to proportion data from biological control assays, manly when there is excess of zeros and overdispersion. In this work a zero-inflated binomial model is applied to a data set obtained from a biological control assay for Diatraea saccharalis, a commom pest in sugar cane. A parasite (Trichogramma galloi) was put to parasitize 128 eggs of the Anagasta kuehniella, an economically suitable alternative host (Parra, 1997), with a variable number of female parasites (2, 4, 8,..., 128), each with 10 replicates in a completely randomized experiment. When interest is only in the positive proportion data, a model can be based on the truncated binomial distribution. A Bayesian procedure was formulated using a simulation technique (Metropolis Hastings) for estimation of the posterior parameters of interest. The convergence of the Markov Chain generated was monitored by visualization of the trace plot and using Raftery & Lewis and Heidelberg & Welch diagnostics presented in the module CODA of the software R.
 
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adriano.pdf (587.18 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2004-09-20
 
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