• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2013.tde-13032013-162602
Document
Author
Full name
Patricia Fabretti Kreyci
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Bedendo, Ivan Paulo (President)
Eckstein, Barbara
Tanaka, Francisco Andre Ossamu
Title in Portuguese
Transmissão de um fitoplasma associado ao enfezamento do brócolis por cigarrinhas de diferentes espécies
Keywords in Portuguese
Brocólis
Cigarrinhas
Enfezamento (Doença de planta)
Fitoplasmas
Insetos vetores
Mollicutes
Abstract in Portuguese
As brássicas compreendem diversas espécies de grande relevância comercial dentre as demais espécies olerícolas cultivadas no Brasil. A região localizada próxima à cidade de São Paulo (SP) tem se destacado no cultivo de brássicas, especialmente do repolho, da couve-flor e do brócolis. Em campos de cultivo destas espécies, tem sido observadas plantas exibindo redução de tamanho, inflorescências mal formadas, avermelhamento de folhas e necrose dos vasos condutores. Investigações tem mostrado que estas anormalidades estão associadas aos fitoplasmas e a doença tem sido denominada enfezamento. Ainda, estudos anteriores têm sugerido a ocorrência de algumas espécies de cigarrinhas potencialmente vetoras destes fitoplasmas. Considerando estas informações, o presente trabalho teve por objetivo identificar espécies transmissoras de fitoplasmas para plantas de brócolis, buscando aumentar os conhecimentos sobre os vetores de fitoplasmas envolvidos com o enfezamento desta cultura. Para isto, foram coletados insetos no interior e áreas marginais de campos cultivados. Estes insetos foram separados em grupos, identificados taxonomicamente e confinados em plantas sadias de brócolis. A avaliação da transmissão foi feita com base na detecção de fitoplasmas nos tecidos dos insetos e das plantas, usando-se a técnica de PCR duplo, com primers específicos para identificação de fitoplasmas do grupo 16SrIII. A sobrevivência dos insetos nas plantas de brócolis foi pouco duradoura, não excedendo 48 horas. A transmissão experimental foi constatada em 30% das plantas inoculadas. Dentre as 8 potenciais espécies de vetores que foram testadas, as espécies Atanus nitidus, Balclutha hebe, Agalliana sticticollis e Agallia albidula transmitiram fitoplasma para plantas de brócolis. Os resultados deste estudo confirmaram aqueles obtidos nas investigações anteriores, as quais sugeriam a ocorrência de potenciais espécies vetoras de fitoplasmas dentre aquelas presentes nos campos de cultivo. No entanto, o conhecimento de detalhes sobre a transmissão necessita de estudos com populações sadias e infectivas das espécies vetoras, sob condições controladas. Apesar desta necessidade, uma etapa importante foi cumprida no presente trabalho, o qual se constitui numa contribuição relevante tanto para o conhecimento de aspectos epidemiológicos relacionados à disseminação do agente causal do enfezamento do brócolis como para a área de conhecimento relacionada à transmissão de patógenos por insetos vetores, nas condições brasileiras.
Title in English
Transmission of a phytoplasma associated with broccoli stunt by different species of leafhoppers
Keywords in English
Brassica oleraceae
Insect vectors
Pathogen transmission
Phytopathogenic Mollicutes
Phytoplasmas
Abstract in English
Cole crops include several species of commercial importance among the vegetable crops cultivated in Brazil. The region located near the city of São Paulo (SP) has excelled in the cultivation of brassica, especially cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli. In cultivated fields with these species have been observed plants showing reduction of size, malformed inflorescences, reddening of leaves and necrosis of region of vessels. Previous investigations have shown that these abnormalities are associated with phytoplasmas and the disease has been called stunt. In addition, previous studies have suggested the occurrence of some species of leafhoppers potentially vectors of phytoplasmas. Considering this information, the present study aimed to identify species that transmit phytoplasmas to plants of broccoli, seeking to increase knowledge about vectors of phytoplasmas involved with this culture. Thus, insects were collected within and in marginal areas of cultivated fields. These insects were separated into groups, taxonomically identified and confined in healthy plants of broccoli. The evaluation of transmission was based on detection of phytoplasmas in the tissues of plants and insects using the technique of nested PCR with specific primers for identification of phytoplasmas group 16SrIII. The survival of insects on plants of broccoli was short-lived, not exceeding 48 hours. The experimental transmission was observed in 30% of inoculated plants. Among the 8 potential vector species that were tested, the species Atanus nitidus, Balclutha hebe, Agalliana sticticollis and Agallia albidula transmitted phytoplasma to plants of broccoli. The results of the present study confirmed those obtained in previous research, which suggested the occurrence of potential vector species of phytoplasmas among those present in crop fields. However, details about these species as vectors require the creation of healthy populations of these species and infective for broadcast demonstration in controlled conditions. Despite this need, an important step has been accomplished in this work, which constitutes a significant contribution both to the knowledge of epidemiological aspects related to the spread of causal agent of broccoli stunt and the area of knowledge related to the transmission of pathogens by insects vectors, the Brazilian conditions.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2013-03-21
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2019. All rights reserved.