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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2005.tde-05052005-153041
Document
Author
Full name
José Fernandes de Andrade Netto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2005
Supervisor
Committee
Favarin, Jose Laercio (President)
Furlani Junior, Enes
Gallo, Luiz Antonio
Title in Portuguese
Atividade das enzimas redutase do nitrato e glutamina sintetase em cafeeiro arábica.
Keywords in Portuguese
café
condutância estomática
fotossíntese
radiação fotossintética ativa
temperatura atmosférica
transpiração vegetal
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a atividade das enzimas redutase do nitrato (RN) e glutamina sintetase (GS) em mudas de Coffea arabica L cv Obatã IAC 1669-20 em função dos atributos ecofisiológicos. O experimento foi conduzido em casa de vegetação no Laboratório de Biotecnologia Agrícola do Departamento de Ciências Biológicas da Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz", Universidade de São Paulo. Para a realização do experimento adotou-se o delineamento inteiramente casualizado com dois tratamentos: T1 (100% de luz) e T2 (50% de luz) e cinco repetições. As determinações das atividades enzimáticas foram feitas às 07:00 h; 12:00 h; 17:00 h e 22:00 h, bem como dos atributos ecofisiológicos: temperatura atmosférica; temperatura foliar; radiação fotossinteticamente ativa; condutância estomática; taxa de fotossíntese líquida; taxa de transpiração e proteína total solúvel. O nível de exposição à luminosidade altera a atividade da redutase do nitrato (RN), cujo valor foi menor nas plantas a pleno sol às 12:00 h e 17:00 h. A saturação lumínica e a maior temperatura foliar em relação ao ambiente, às 12:00 h, diminuiu as trocas gasosas (CO2 e vapor d’água) e a atividade da RN. Ao longo do período luminoso, independentemente do nível de exposição à luminosidade, decresceu a atividade da glutamina sintetase (GS). A disponibilidade de amônio proveniente da ação da RN no período noturno elevou a atividade da GS, enquanto a fotorrespiração, por hipótese, forneceu o substrato (NH4 +) para a atividade dessa enzima (GS) nas plantas a pleno sol ao meio dia. A inibição da redutase do nitrato (RN) no cafeeiro proporcionada pela fotorrespiração se dá, por hipótese, em resposta a produção de glutamina por meio da atividade da glutamina sintetase (GS).
Title in English
Activity of the nitrate reductase and glutamine synthetase enzymes in arabic coffee.
Keywords in English
coffea arabica L
estomatal conductance
leaf and air temperature
net photosynthesis rate
photosynthetically active radiation
transpiration rate
Abstract in English
The aim of this work was to evaluate the activity of the enzymes nitrate reductase (RN) and glutamine synthetase (GS) in seedlings of Coffea arabica L cv Obatã IAC 1669 - 20 in face of the eco-physiological attributes. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at the Laboratory of Agricultural Biotechnology in the Biological Science Department of the Superior School of Agriculture "Luiz de Queiroz", São Paulo University. The completely randomized experimental design was utilized for the experiment with two treatments: T1 (100% of light) e T2 (50% of light), each on made up of five replicates. The enzymatic activities and eco-physiological attributes determinations such as air temperature, leaf temperature, photosynthetically active radiation, stomatal conductance, net photosynthesis rate, transpiration rate and total soluble protein were made at 7:00 AM, 12:00 AM, 5:00 PM and 10:00 PM. The level of radiation exposition changes the nitrate reductase activity, whose value was smaller in plants at full sun at 12:00 AM and 5:00 PM. The light saturation and the higher leaf temperature in relation to the environment, at 12:00 AM, reduced the gas exchanges (CO2 and water vapor) and RN activity. Along the light period, independently of radiation exposition level, the activity of the glutamine synthetase decreased. The availability of ammonium provided by RN during dark period, independently of the treatments, increase the GS activity, while photorespiration, hypothetically, supplied the substrate (NH4+) to the GS action in plants under full sun at 12:00 AM. The RN inhibition in coffee plants provides the photorespiration occurred in response to the glutamine production through the GS activity.
 
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Publishing Date
2005-05-13
 
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