• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2004.tde-08032004-135007
Document
Author
Full name
Daniela Moreira Kubiak
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Chiavegato, Ederaldo Jose (President)
Furlani Junior, Enes
Menten, Jose Otavio Machado
Title in Portuguese
Influência da palhada de milheto na ocorrência de ramulose (Colletotrichum gossypii var. cephalosporioides Costa) no algodoeiro.
Keywords in Portuguese
algodão
fungo fitopatogênico
milheto
palhada
ramulose
semeadura
Abstract in Portuguese
Foi realizado um estudo na cultura do algodoeiro (Gossypium hirsutum L. var latifolium Hutch), no ano agrícola 2002/2003, na Fazenda Areão, unidade experimental da Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz", USP/ESALQ, localizada no município de Piracicaba, SP, com o objetivo de avaliar o comportamento e evolução da Ramulose do algodoeiro, doença causada pelo fungo Colletotrichum gossypii var cephalosporioides Costa em sistema de semeadura com e sem palha de milheto (Pennisetum glaucum L.), nas cultivares IAC 23 (resistente à Ramulose) e Makina (suscetível à Ramulose). Foram avaliadas também as interações entre o sistema de semeadura com e sem palha na produção de algodão em caroço, produtividade da cultura, caracteres agronômicos de laboratório e características tecnológicas das fibras. O delineamento experimental adotado foi o de parcelas subdivididas (split-plot), utilizando-se 4 blocos alternados entre semeadura convencional e semeadura sobre a palhada de milheto (parcelas), cada um com 8 subparcelas, totalizando 32 subparcelas. Aos 34 dias após a emergência (DAE) o patógeno foi inoculado artificialmente com a suspensão de inóculo pulverizada no terço superior das plantas através de equipamento de Co2. A doença foi avaliada através de escala de notas (1 a 5), e os resultados permitiram concluir que a quando as condições meteorológicas são favoráveis ao patógeno, a presença da palha na superfície do solo influencia negativamente no crescimento da doença na cultivar suscetível. A cultivar resistente IAC 23 retoma o crescimento vegetativo quando as condições meteorológicas são desfavoráveis ao patógeno e na cultivar Makina, sob condições favoráveis, a doença cresce, mas continua estável quando as condições se tornam desfavoráveis ao patógeno. A palha não afetou a produção de algodão em caroço, a produtividade, os caracteres agronômicos de laboratório e nem as características tecnológicas das fibras. Quando as condições meteorológicas são típicas, o Sistema de Plantio Direto desfavorece o desenvolvimento da doença, podendo ocorrer o inverso quando as condições meteorológicas forem atípicas
Title in English
Influence of the cover residue in the ramulosis occurence, disease caused by fungus colletotrichum gossypii var. cephalosporioides costa in the cotton plant.
Keywords in English
cotton plant
cover residue
fungus of the plants
pennisetum glaucum l
ramulosis
sowing
Abstract in English
A study in the culture of cotton plant (Gossypium hirsutum L. var latifolium Hutch), was conducted in the agricultural year of 2002/2003, at the experimental unity of Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz", USP/Esalq, located in the city of Piracicaba, SP, with the objective to evaluate the behavior and evolution of the Ramulosis of the cotton plant, disease caused by the fungus Colletotrichum gossypii var cephalosporioides Costa in the system of sowing with and without cover residue (straw), when cultivar IAC 23 (resistant to Ramulosis) and Makina (susceptible to Ramulosis). It has also been evaluated the interactions between the the system of sowing with and without the cover residues (straw) in the production of cotton and yield of the culture, agronomics characters of laboratory,and the characteristics of the fibers. The experimental delineation adopted split-splot, using 4 blocks alternated between conventional sowing on the cover residue (parcels), each one with 8 suparcels, totalizing 32 sub parcels. To the 34 days after the emergency (DAE) the fungus was inoculated artificially in the plants. The disease was evaluated through grading scales (1 to 5), and the results allowed to conclude that he presence of the cover residue (straw) in the surface of the soil influence negatively to the growth of the disease only when the meteorological conditions are favorable to the development of the pathogenic, and depending on the used cultivar. When cultivar resistant IAC 23 it presented greater sensitivity to meteorological conditions retaking the vegetative development with healthy sprouts, when the meteorological conditions had been unfavorable to the growth of the disease, while that in cultivar susceptible Makina the disease if kept steady when the conditions had been unfavorable. The cover residue (straw) did not affect the production of the cotton, neither the yield, the agronomic characters of laboratory, or the characteristics of the fibers.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
daniela.pdf (391.65 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2004-03-09
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.