• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2016.tde-07112016-113533
Document
Author
Full name
Arnon Afonso de Souza Cardoso
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Monteiro, Francisco Antonio (President)
Grassi Filho, Helio
Nogueirol, Roberta Correa
Title in Portuguese
Suprimento de enxofre e o alívio do estresse causado pelo bário em capim tanzânia
Keywords in Portuguese
Panicum maximum
Ascorbato peroxidase
Catalase
Crescimento
Estado nutricional
Estresse oxidativo
Glutationa redutase
Guaiacol peroxidase
Índice SPAD
Malondialdeído
Peróxido de hidrogênio
Prolina
Sintomas de toxidez
Superóxido dismutase
Abstract in Portuguese
Elevada disponibilidade de bário (Ba) no meio de cultivo pode resultar em severa toxidez nas plantas. A toxidez causada pelo metal pesado nas plantas pode ser amenizada pelo fornecimento de nutrientes, particularmente o enxofre (S). Objetivou-se avaliar os parâmetros produtivos, sintomas visuais, estado nutricional, índice SPAD, indicadores de estresse (malondialdeído, peróxido de hidrogênio e prolina) e a atividade de enzimas do sistema antioxidante (glutationa redutase, superóxido dismutase, catalase, ascorbato peroxidase e guaiacol peroxidase) do capim tanzânia (Panicum maximum Jacq. cv. Tanzânia) cultivado com combinações de doses de S e de Ba na solução nutritiva, em casa de vegetação, em dois ciclos de crescimento das plantas. As plantas foram submetidas às combinações de cinco doses de S (0,1; 1,0; 1,9; 2,8 e 3,7 mmol L-1) com cinco doses de Ba (0,0; 2,5; 5,0; 10,0 e 20,0 mmol L-1), utilizando esquema fatorial fracionado (52), em blocos ao acaso, com seis repetições e seis plantas por unidade experimental. Os parâmetros produtivos e o estado nutricional das plantas foram severamente afetados pelas combinações de S e Ba em ambos os ciclos de crescimento. O aumento na dose de Ba na solução nutritiva prejudicou acentuadamente o crescimento e o estado nutricional das plantas, principalmente na área foliar, e nos nutrientes potássio e magnésio, enquanto o aumento da dose de S amenizou o efeito tóxico do metal. Maiores concentrações de malondialdeído foram observadas nas plantas que apresentaram maior acúmulo do metal pesado. As atividades das enzimas glutationa redutase, catalase e ascorbato peroxidase foram mais altas nas plantas cultivadas com baixo fornecimento de S, enquanto a atividade da guaiacol peroxidase foi aumentada com incremento das doses de Ba e de S.
Title in English
Sulfur supply and alleviation of the stress caused by barium in Tanzania guineagrass
Keywords in English
Panicum maximum
Ascorbate peroxidase
Catalase
Glutathione reductase
Guaiacol peroxidase
Hydrogen peroxide
Malondialdehyde
Nutritional status
Oxidative stress
Plant growth
Proline
SPAD value
Superoxide dismutase
Toxicity symptoms
Abstract in English
High barium (Ba) availability in growth medium can cause severe toxicity in plants. Nutrient supply may mitigate heavy metal phytotoxicity, especially the sulphur (S) supply. The study was carried out to evaluate the plant growth, visual symptoms, nutritional status, indicators of stress (malondialdehyde, hydrogen peroxide and proline) and activities of the antioxidant enzymes (glutathione reductase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and guaiacol peroxidase) in Tanzania guineagrass (Panicum maximum Jacq. cv. Tanzania) grown with combinations of S rates and Ba rates in nutrient solution, in a greenhouse, for two growth periods. Plants received nutrient solutions where combinations of five S rates (0.1, 1.0, 1.9, 2.8 and 3.7 mmol L-1) with five Ba rates (0.0, 2.5, 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 mmol L-1) were used in a fractionated factorial (52), in randomized block design, with six replications and six plants per experimental unit. Plant production and nutritional status were highly affected by combinations of S and Ba rates, in both growth periods. Increase on Ba rates impaired growth, mainly on leaf area production. Barium rates impaired nutritional status, mainly on potassium and calcium, while increasing on S rates alleviated Ba toxic effects. High concentrations of malondialdehyde was observed in plants with increase of Ba application. The activities of catalase and ascorbate peroxidase were high in plants grown with low S availability, while guaiacol peroxidase activity was enhanced by increasing Ba and S rates in the nutrient solution.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2016-12-14
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.