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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2006.tde-02032007-084649
Document
Author
Full name
Renata Rodrigues de Almeida
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Gallo, Claudio Rosa (President)
Domingues, Maria Antonia Calori
Taniwaki, Marta Hiromi
Title in Portuguese
Ocorrência de Fusarium graminearum e desoxinivalenol em grãos de trigo utilizados no Brasil
Keywords in Portuguese
Contaminação de alimentos
Fungo fitopatogênico
Fusariose
Fusarium
Micotoxinas
Trigo
Abstract in Portuguese
As condições climáticas presentes nas regiões produtoras de trigo, do Brasil e dos principais países do qual o produto é importado, favorecem o aparecimento de doenças importantes desta cultura, dentre elas a fusariose, causada principalmente pelo fungo Fusarium graminearum Schwabe. Além dos danos diretos causados pela doença, os grãos infectados podem ser tóxicos para o homem e animais devido à presença de micotoxinas especialmente o desoxinivalenol (DON). Um total de 100 amostras de trigo, sendo 50 de trigo nacional (provenientes do Estado de São Paulo, Paraná e Rio grande do Sul) e 50 de trigo importado (Argentina e Paraguai) foram coletadas de empresas que normalmente comercializam ou processam trigo durante o período de maio a dezembro de 2005. Foram avaliados o percentual de freqüência de fungos, especialmente Fusarium graminearum, a contaminação com DON, percentual de grãos giberelados e realizadas correlações entre os parâmetros avaliados. Os resultados indicaram que freqüência média de Fusarium graminearum e F. spp. foram baixas (≤2,6 e ≤3,6%, respectivamente), porém foi maior no trigo nacional do que no trigo importado. Do total de amostras avaliadas 94% do trigo nacional e 88% do trigo importado apresentaram-se contaminadas com DON em níveis médios de 332 µg.kg-1 (nacional) e 90 µg.kg-1 (importado). Existiu correlação positiva e significativa entre contaminação com DON e percentual de grãos giberelados (r = 0,83; p<0,0001), freqüência de Fusarium graminearum (r = 0,92; p<0,0001) e freqüência de Fusarium spp. (r = 0,86; p<0,0001).
Title in English
Fusarium graminearum and deoxynivalenol occurrence in wheat kernels used in Brazil
Keywords in English
Contamination of food
Fusariose
Fusarium
Mycotoxins and wheat
Pathogenic fungi
Abstract in English
The climatic conditions present in wheat producing areas from Brazil and main countries from which the product is imported favor the occurrence of important diseases in this crop, among them the Fusarium Head Blight or scab. It is mainly caused by the fungus Fusarium graminearum Besides, direct damages caused by this disease, the infected kernels may be toxic for humans and animals due to presence of mycotoxins (e.g deoxynivalenol). A total of 100 wheat samples, being 50 from national production (São Paulo, Paraná and Rio Grande Do Sul states) and 50 from imported one (Argentina and Paraguay), were collected during the period of May to December 2005 from companies that normally commercialize or process wheat. Frequency (%) of fungi occurrence, specially Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium spp., DON contamination and Fusarium damaged kernels (%) were evaluated. Correlations between the evaluated parameters were carried out. Frequency of Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium spp. were low (≤2.6 and ≤3.6%, respectively), however it was higher in Brazilian wheat when compared with imported wheat. Ninety-four percent of national wheat samples and 88% of the imported samples were DON contaminated (mean levels, 332 µg.kg-1 and 90 µg.kg-1, respectively). The occurrence of DON was highly correlated with percentage of Fusarium damaged kernels, (r = 0,83; p<0.0001), percentual frequency of Fusarium graminearum (r = 0,92; p<0,0001) and percentual frequency of Fusarium spp. (r = 0,86; p<0,0001).
 
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RenataAlmeida.pdf (322.88 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-03-08
 
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