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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2004.tde-08092004-155552
Document
Author
Full name
Vanessa Pires da Rosa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2004
Supervisor
Committee
Porto, Ernani (President)
Silveira, Neliane Ferraz Arruda de
Spoto, Marta Helena Fillet
Title in Portuguese
Efeitos da atmosfera modificada e da irradiação sobre as características microbiológicas, físico-químicas e sensoriais do queijo minas frescal.
Keywords in Portuguese
análise físico-química
análise sensorial
armazenagem em atmosfera modificada
irradiação de alimentos
microbiologia de alimentos
queijo staphylococcus
Abstract in Portuguese
O experimento foi dividido em duas partes, sendo que inicialmente estudou-se os queijos Minas Frescal embalados sob ar atmosférico, atmosfera modificada de 70% CO2 e 30%N2 (ATM) e Vácuo e na segunda parte os queijos embalados sob os três tratamentos foram irradiados com doses de 2 KGy, sendo analisadas, nas duas partes do experimento, a evolução microbiana e as características sensoriais e físico-químicas do queijo sob os diferentes tratamentos durante o armazenamento a 4ºC. Na primeira fase do experimento verificou-se que a ATM e o Vácuo diminuíam a intensidade de crescimento da população de microrganismos mesófilos e psicrotróficos totais e reduziram a população de Staphylococcus coagulase positiva, mas não foram eficientes para o controle das populações coliformes totais e Escherichia coli, enquanto que no controle todas as populações cresceram continuamente, segundo os aspectos sensoriais de cor, odor e aparência dos queijos, mantiveram essas características durante os 40 dias de armazenamento e o controle diminuiu os índices de aceitabilidade progressivamente sendo rejeitado no 17º dia. Na segunda parte do experimento observou-se que irradiação no queijo Minas frescal com 2 KGy reduziu as populações de bactérias mesófilas aeróbias, psicrotróficas aeróbias e anaeróbias, Staphylococcus coagulase positiva, coliformes totais e Escherichia coli e os tratamentos ATM e Vácuo foram muitos eficientes pois eles evitaram o crescimento destes microrganismos durante o armazenamento, enquanto que no controle a população de mesófilos e psicrotróficos aeróbios cresceu durante o armazenamento. Segundo as características sensoriais, o tratamento ATM foi o mais eficiente pois este manteve a aparência, textura e sabor por mais de 43 dias, o vácuo por 36 dias e o controle por apenas 8 dias. A utilização da irradiação com atmosfera modificada juntamente com baixas temperaturas de armazenamento aumentaram a vida útil do queijo, impedindo o desenvolvimento microbiano no produto e mantendo suas características sensoriais.
Title in English
Effects of the modified atmosphere and irradiation on the microbiological, physical-chemical and sensory characteristics of the “minas frescal” cheese.
Keywords in English
cheese staphylococcus
food irradiation
food microbiology
modified atmosphere
physical-chemistry analysis
sensory analysis
Abstract in English
The experiment was divided into two parts. Initially, it was studied the "Minas Frescal" cheeses packed under atmospheric air, modified atmosphere of 70% CO2 and 30% N2 (ATM) and vacuum. Second the cheeses packed under these three treatments had been radiated by doses of 2 KGy. In the two parts of the experiment, it was analyzed the microbial evolution and, the sensory and physical-chemical characteristics of the cheeses under the different treatments during a 4ºC-storage. In the first phase of the experiment it was verified that the ATM and the vacuum decreased the intensity of the total population growth of aerobic mesophilic and psichorotrophs and had reduced the population of Staphylococcus positive coagulase, but they had not been efficient controlling the total coliforms and Escherichia coli, while in control all the populations had continuously grown, according to the sensory characteristics of the cheeses, color, odor and appearance. These characteristics were kept the same during the 40 days of storage, and the control decreased the acceptability levels gradually, being rejected in the 17th day. In the second part of the experiment, it was observed that a 2KGy-irradiation over the "Minas Frescal" cheeses reduced the populations of aerobic mesophilic, aerobic and anaerobic psichorotrophs, Staphylococcus positive coagulase, total coliforms and Escherichia coli. The ATM and vacuum treatments were very efficient therefore they prevented the growth of these microrganisms during the storage, while in control, the aerobic mesophilic and psichrotrophs population grew during the storage. According to sensory aspects, the ATM treatment was the most efficient one, because it kept the appearance, texture and flavor for more than 43 days while the vacuum kept for 36 days and the control for only 8 days. The use of the irradiation with modified atmosphere and low temperatures of storage increased the shelflife of the cheeses, hindering the growth of the microbial populations in the product and keeping product sensory characteristics.
 
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Publishing Date
2004-09-09
 
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