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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2011.tde-22112011-091434
Document
Author
Full name
Cristina Bani Corrêa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Porto, Ernani (President)
Alencar, Severino Matias de
Castro, Maria Fernanda Pontes Penteado Moretzsohn de
Title in Portuguese
Potencial antimicrobiano de resíduos agroindustriais sobre Listeria monocytogenes
Keywords in Portuguese
Agentes antimicrobianos
Compostos fenólicos
Contaminação de alimentos
Indústria agrícola
Listeria
Metabólitos secundários
Resíduos industriais
Abstract in Portuguese
Os compostos fenólicos e os glucosinolatos vêm sendo pesquisados quanto à atividade antimicrobiana contra diversos microrganismos patogênicos, dentre eles a Listeria monocytogenes, um perigoso contaminante de alimentos. Este trabalho teve como objetivo principal avaliar resíduos agroindustriais com atividade contra Listeria monocytogenes, bem como identificar a composição química, visando a aplicação na indústria de alimentos. Neste trabalho foram analisados 23 resíduos agroindustriais. Os extratos destes resíduos foram preparados a partir de cinco solventes (hexano; clorofórmio; acetato de etila; etanol:água (80:20 v/v) e água), os quais foram utilizados na avaliação do potencial antimicrobiano contra Listeria monocytogenes por meio do teste de difusão em ágar. Os extratos que apresentaram resultado positivo foram selecionados para as análises de Concentração Inibitória Mínima (CIM), Concentração Bactericida Mínima (CBM), citometria de fluxo e composição química por CG-EM. A L. monocytogenes mostrou-se sensível apenas aos extratos aquosos de talo de brócolis e casca de abóbora moranga e extrato clorofórmico de semente de mamão apresentando valores de CIM de 102,4 mg/mL, >102,4 mg/mL e de 6,4mg/mL, respectivamente. A análise de citometria de fluxo demonstrou alterações na morfologia das células, frente aos extratos testados. A principal ação dos extratos foi em função da inibição do crescimento do microrganismo e da redução de sua população. Os extratos apresentaram uma composição química peculiar. Nos extratos de talo de brócolis e casca de abóbora foram encontrados alguns ácidos fenólicos e orgânicos, enquanto que no extrato de semente de mamão o único composto encontrado com potencial antimicrobiano foi o benzil-isotiocianato. Diante da dificuldade em evitar a contaminação de alimentos por L. monocytogenes, a utilização de compostos antimicrobianos naturais derivados de resíduos agroindustriais se mostra promissora e pode ser uma alternativa para auxiliar na segurança dos alimentos.
Title in English
Antimicrobial potential of agroindustrial residues on Listeria monocytogenes
Keywords in English
Agricultural industry
Antimicrobial agents
Food contamination
Industrial wastes
Listeria
Phenolic compounds
Secondary metabolits
Abstract in English
The phenolic compounds and glucosinolates have been investigated for their antimicrobial activity against several pathogenic microorganisms, including Listeria monocytogenes, a dangerous contaminant of food. This study has as main objective valuate agroindustrial residues with activity against Listeria monocytogenes, well as evaluate the chemical composition, aimed at their application in food industry. In this work we analyzed 23 agroindustrial residues. The extracts of these residues were prepared from five solvents (hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, ethanol:water (80:20 v/v) and water), which were used in evaluating the antimicrobial potential against Listeria monocytogenes by the agar diffusion test. The extracts that tested positive were selected for analysis of Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC), Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC), flow cytometry and chemical composition by GC-MS. L. monocytogenes showed sensibility only to aqueous extracts of stalk of broccoli and peel pumpkin and chloroform extract of papaya seed showing MIC values of 102.4 mg / mL,> 102.4 mg / mL and 6.4 mg / mL, respectively. The flow cytometry analysis showed changes in cell morphology, front of to tested extracts. The main action of the extracts was as a function the inhibition of growth of microorganisms and reducing its population. The extracts showed a peculiar chemical composition. In extracts of broccoli stalks and peel pumpkin were found some phenolic acids and organic, while the extract in papaya seed found the single compound with antimicrobial potential was benzyl-isothiocyanate. Given the difficulties in preventing food contamination by L. monocytogenes, the use of natural antimicrobial compounds derived from agroindustrial residues shows promise and can be an alternative to aid in safety of food.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-11-29
 
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