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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2011.tde-22112011-143150
Document
Author
Full name
Zilmar Meireles Pimenta Barros
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Salgado, Jocelem Mastrodi (President)
Bernardi, Marta Regina Verruma
Spoto, Marta Helena Fillet
Title in Portuguese
Cascas de frutas tropicais como fonte de antioxidantes para enriquecimento de suco pronto
Keywords in Portuguese
Alimentos fortificados
Análise sensorial
Antioxidantes
Frutas tropicais
Resíduos
Suco
Abstract in Portuguese
Alimentos prontos para o consumo atendem ao estilo de vida moderno em que cada vez mais cresce o número de pessoas que buscam praticidade e segurança alimentar. Nesse segmento, suco pronto tem mercado garantido, com tendência à expansão. Com o intuito de oferecer ao consumidor um alimento com valor agregado, foi testada a utilização de extratos de resíduos (cascas) de buriti (Mauritia flexuosa L.f.), romã (Punica granatum L.), maçã (Malus communis Lamk.) e uva (Vitis vinifera L.) no enriquecimento de suco pronto comercial. Foram realizadas análises físico-químicas do extrato das cascas: composição centesimal, fatores antinutricionais, minerais, compostos fenólicos totais, determinação da atividade antioxidante pelos métodos da redução dos radicais livres DPPH (2,2-difenil-1-picrilidrazil) e ABTS (2,2-azino-bis-(3etil-benzotiazolina-6-ácido sulfônico), flavonoides e vitamina C na casca que apresentou maior atividade antioxidante (romã), que foi utilizada para enriquecimento do suco pronto comercial. Foi realizada análise de estabilidade oxidativa do suco enriquecido em diferentes concentrações. Foram feitas ainda análises físico-químicas no suco enriquecido quanto a pH, Brix, acidez titulável e cor. Do presente estudo foi constatado que a casca da romã apresenta alto rendimento, teor significativo de compostos fenólicos e ácido fítico, assim como poder antioxidante, avaliado por DPPH e ABTS. A avaliação sensorial mostrou que não houve diferença entre o suco controle e o enriquecido. O produto com valor agregado é bem aceito e viável do ponto de vista tecnológico.
Title in English
Tropical fruit peels as a source of antioxidant for ready juice enrichment
Keywords in English
Antioxidant activity
Enriched juice
Oxidative stability
Sensorial Evaluation
Wastes
Abstract in English
Food ready for consumption meet the modern lifestyle where the number of people seeking for convenience and food safety is increasingly growing. In this segment, ready juice has a guaranteed place in the market, with a tendency to expansion. In order to offer the consumer a food with earned value, we tested the use of extracts of wastes (peels) of Moriche Palm (Mauritia flexuosa Lf), Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.), Apple (Malus communis Lamk.) and Grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) in the enrichment of commercial ready juice. Physical and chemical analysis of the peel extracts were carried out: centesimal composition, antinutritional factors, minerals, total phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity determination by the methods of reducing the free radicals DPPH (2,2-Diphenyl-1-Picrylhydrazyl) and ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid), flavonoids and vitamin C in the type of peel with the highest antioxidant activity (pomegranate), which was used for enrichment of commercial ready juice. Oxidative stability analysis was performed in the juice enriched in different concentrations. Other physical and chemical analyses were also performed in the enriched juice, such as pH, total soluble solids (ºBrix), titratable acidity and color. From this study, it was found that the pomegranate peel has a high yield, high amount of phenolic compounds and phytic acid, as well as antioxidant power, assessed by DPPH and ABTS. The sensorial evaluation showed no difference between control and enriched juice. The valueearned product is well accepted and feasible from a technological standpoint.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-12-02
 
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