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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2014.tde-10112014-145643
Document
Author
Full name
Carolina Rossi de Oliveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Mourão Filho, Francisco de Assis Alves (President)
Benedetti, Celso Eduardo
Harakava, Ricardo
Title in Portuguese
Transformação genética de laranjas 'Pera' e 'Natal' (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) com o gene atacina A (attA), dirigido por promotores preferencialmente expressos no floema, para resistência a Candidatus Liberibacter spp.
Keywords in Portuguese
Atacina A
Citros
Huanglongbing
Promotores
Transgenia
Abstract in Portuguese
Atualmente o Brasil ocupa lugar de destaque entre os produtores de citros sendo o maior produtor de laranja doce do mundo. Entretanto, essa produção vem sendo gravemente afetada, por doenças como o huanglongbing (HLB), que tem causado perdas significativas para toda cadeia citrícola. O HLB está associado a bactérias Gram-negativas, restritas ao floema das plantas, denominadas Candidatus Liberibacter spp., que além de reduzir a produção de frutos, podem, em casos mais severos da doença, ocasionar a morte da planta. Uma importante estratégia para controle desta doença é a produção de plantas transgênicas expressando genes, especificamente no local de colonização do patógeno. O objetivo deste trabalho foi a obtenção de plantas transgênicas de Citrus sinensis cvs. 'Pera' e 'Natal', contendo o gene atacina A (attA) que codifica um peptídeo antibacteriano, dirigido por promotores preferencialmente expressos no floema: AtSuc2 (transportador de sacarose) ou AtPP2 (proteína de floema 2), clonados de Arabidopsis thaliana, ou CsPP2 (proteína de floema 2) clonado de Citrus sinensis. A identificação de 65 plantas transgênicas foi realizada, por meio da análise de PCR. Foi verificado um número menor de eventos transgênicos, utilizando-se a construção gênica pCAtSuc2/attA em relação ao número de eventos transgênicos obtidos com as construções gênicas pCCsPP2/attA e pCAtPP2/attA. Plantas identificadas como transgênicas pela análise de PCR, foram aclimatizadas e transferidas para casa-devegetação certificada para o cultivo de plantas transgênicas. Análises de Southern blot foram realizadas em plantas aclimatizadas que apresentaram desenvolvimento suficiente, confirmando-se a integração do gene attA. A expressão do gene attA foi confirmada pela análise de RT-qPCR. As plantas transgênicas obtidas neste trabalho, contendo o gene attA dirigido por promotores preferencialmente expressos no floema, serão avaliadas em uma etapa futura para resistência a Candidatus Liberibacter spp.
Title in English
Genetic transformation of oranges 'Pera' and 'Natal' (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) with the gene attacin A (attA), driven by preferentially expressed in phloem promoters for resistance to Candidatus Liberibacter spp.
Keywords in English
Attacin A
Citrus
Huanglongbing
Promoter
Transgenic
Abstract in English
Currently, Brazil is a major citrus producer and the world's largest producer of sweet oranges. However, diseases, such as huanglongbing (HLB) have seriously affected this production, causing significant losses in citrus production chain. HLB is associated with Gram-negative bacterias, restricted to the phloem of plants, called Candidatus Liberibacter spp., which besides reducing fruit production, can lead to plant death. An important strategy to control this disease is the production of transgenic plants expressing genes, specifically at the region of pathogen colonization. The aim of this study was to obtain transgenic plants of Citrus sinensis cv. 'Natal' and 'Pera', containing the gene attacin A (attA) that encodes an antibacterial peptide, driven by preferentially expressed in phloem promoters: AtSuc2 (sucrose transporter) or AtPP2 (phloem protein 2), cloned from Arabidopsis thaliana, or CsPP2 (phloem protein 2) cloned from Citrus sinensis. The identification of 65 transgenic plants was performed by PCR analysis. A lower number of transgenic events were verified using the gene construct pCAtSuc2/attA in relation events obtained with the gene constructs pCCsPP2/attA and pCAtPP2/attA. Plants identified as transgenic by PCR analysis were acclimatized and transferred to a greenhouse certified for growing transgenic plants. The Southern blot analyses were performed in acclimatized plants, which had sufficiently developed, confirming the integration of attA gene. The expression of attA gene was confirmed by RT-qPCR analysis. The transgenic plants obtained in this work, containing the gene attA directed by preferentially expressed in phloem promoters, will be further evaluated for resistance to Candidatus Liberibacter spp.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-11-28
 
WARNING: The material described below relates to works resulting from this thesis or dissertation. The contents of these works are the author's responsibility.
  • OLIVEIRA, C. R., et al. Genetic transformation of citrus sinensis cv. Natal for resistance to Huanglongbing. In 2013 In Vitro Biology Meeting, Providence, Rhode Island, USA, 2013. 2013 In Vitro Biology Meeting. : Society for In Vitro Biology, 2013. Abstract.
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