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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2012.tde-20032012-093754
Document
Author
Full name
Marcos Vinicius Latanze Righeto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Almeida, Marcilio de (President)
Gonçalves, Antonio Natal
Moraes, Cristiano Pedroso de
Title in Portuguese
Análise morfofisiológica de microplântulas de Cattleya labiata Lindley e Cattleya eldorado Linden (Orchidaceae) sob efeito do paclobutrazol
Keywords in Portuguese
Anatomia vegetal
Micropropagação vegetal
Morfologia vegetal
Orquídea
Reguladores de crescimento vegetal
Abstract in Portuguese
As espécies Cattleya labiata Lindley e a Cattleya eldorado Linden, nativas da Mata Atlântica e Amazônia, respectivamente, encontram-se sob forte risco de desaparecimento na natureza, sendo, portanto, necessário o desenvolvimento de métodos eficientes de propagação de suas mudas, dentre os quais se destaca a micropropagação. A eficiência do cultivo in vitro de orquídeas está associada aos meios de cultura utilizados e, principalmente, aos reguladores de crescimento. O trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a influência de paclobutrazol (PBZ) no desenvolvimento das microplântulas cultivadas in vitro. Plântulas provenientes de germinação in vitro, com 1,0 ± 0,2 cm de comprimento, foram utilizadas no estudo. No primeiro experimento, utilizou-se como controle o meio de cultura MS isento de reguladores de crescimento vegetal. Nos tratamentos, o meio MS foi suplementado com quatro concentrações de PBZ 1,0; 2,0; 4,0 e 6,0 mg.L-1; com ácido naftalenoacético (ANA) 1,0 mg.L-1 associado a 6-benzilaminopurina (BAP) 1,0 mg.L-1 e com a combinação de 4,0 mg.L-1 PBZ, com 1,0 mg.L-1 ANA e 1,0 mg.L-1 BAP. As avaliações morfológicas, número de brotos, comprimento da parte aérea (CPA), comprimento da maior raiz (CMR) e comprimento da lâmina foliar (CLF), foram realizadas no início do experimento e nos subcultivos a cada 40 dias, durante 160 dias. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado em arranjo trifatorial com parcelas subdivididas no tempo, com seis repetições por tratamento. Um segundo experimento foi realizado utilizando a técnica de pulse. Como controle foi utilizado meio de cultura MS, e para os tratamentos foi utilizado o mesmo meio acrescido de concentrações crescentes de PBZ com diferentes tempos de exposição, sendo: T0= controle (MS); T1= 1,0 mg.L-1 PBZ por 40 dias; T2= 10,0 mg.L-1 PBZ por 4 dias e T3= 100,0 mg.L-1 PBZ por 4 horas. Foram feitas as avaliações de CPA, CLF, CMR, número de raízes, massa fresca e massa seca da parte aérea, massa fresca e massa seca de raiz, massa fresca e massa seca total, contagem e caracterização estomática e avaliação anatômica do tecido radicular. O experimento foi conduzido no delineamento inteiramente casualizado totalizando quatorze repetições por tratamento. O tratamento com 1,0 mg.L-1 de PBZ por 40 dias promoveu maior desenvolvimento e vigor do sistema radicular, aumentando a espessura das raízes, podendo contribuir para a fase de aclimatização das microplântulas. Os tratamentos com pulse reduziram significativamente a parte aérea das microplântulas, não sendo recomendado na micropropagação da C. labiata.
Title in English
Morphophysiological analysis of microplantlets of Cattleya labiata Linden and Cattleya eldorado Lindley (Orchidaceae) under the effect of paclobutrazol
Keywords in English
Anatomy
Micropropagation
Morphology
Orchid: in vitro culture
Plant growth regulator
Abstract in English
The Species Cattleya labiata Lindley and Cattleya eldorado Linden, native to the Atlantic Forest and Amazon, respectively, are under high risk of extinction in nature, therefore, necessary to develop efficient methods of spreading their seedlings, among which highlights micropropagation. The efficiency of in vitro cultivation of orchids is associated with culture media, and especially the growth regulators. The study aimed to evaluate the influence of paclobutrazol (PBZ) in the development of in vitro microplantlets. Seedlings from germination in vitro, with 1.0 ± 0.2 cm in length, were used in the study. In the first experiment, we used to control the MS culture medium free of plant growth regulators. In the treatments, MS medium was supplemented with four concentrations of PBZ 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 and 6.0 mg L-1, with naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) 1.0 mg L-1 associated with 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) 1.0 mg L-1 and with the combination of 4.0 mg L-1 PBZ with 1.0 mg.L-1 NAA and 1.0 mg L-1 BAP. The morphological evaluations, number of shoots, shoot length (CPA), longest root length (CMR) and leaf blade length (CLF) were performed at the beginning of the experiment and in subcultures every 40 days during 160 days. The experimental design was completely randomized in three-factor split-plot arrangement in time, with six replicates per treatment. A second experiment was performed using the technique of "pulse". It was used as control MS medium, and the treatments we used the same medium plus increasing concentrations of PBZ with different exposure times, as follows: T0 = control (MS), T1 = 1.0 mg L-1 PBZ for 40 days, T2 = 10.0 mg L-1 PBZ for 4 days and T3 = 100.0 mg L-1 PBZ for 4 hours. Assessments were made CPA, CLF, CMR, number of roots, fresh and dry mass of shoots, fresh weight and dry weight of root, fresh weight and total dry matter, stomatal counting and characterization and evaluation of the anatomic root tissue. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized a total of fourteen replicates per treatment. Treatment with 1.0 mg L-1 of PBZ for 40 days promoted further development and vigor of the root system, increasing the thickness of the roots and may contribute to the acclimatization phase of microplantlets. Treatments with "pulse" significantly reduced the shoot microplantlets and Its not recommended to the micropropagation of C. labiata.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-04-10
 
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