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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/T.11.2018.tde-22032018-130802
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Paula Preczenhak
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Kluge, Ricardo Alfredo (President)
Lima, Giuseppina Pace Pereira
Palharini, Maria Cecilia de Arruda
Tessmer, Magda Andréia
Usberti, Franciane Colares Souza
Title in Portuguese
Conservação da qualidade visual e dos compostos bioativos de beterraba minimamente processada
Keywords in Portuguese
Beta vulgaris L.
Betalaínas
Capacidade antioxidante
Esbranquiçamento
Polifenóis
Processamento mínimo
Abstract in Portuguese
As técnicas utilizadas no preparo do produto minimamente processado (PMP) devem preconizar a menor perda possível dos principais compostos funcionais e de qualidade durante o preparo e armazenamento dos alimentos. No entanto, há respostas dos PMPs quanto ao dano sofrido durante seu preparo, que disparam várias reações relacionadas com a fisiologia do estresse, que podem ser amenizadas com a aplicação de aditivos antioxidantes. Assim, torna-se importante determinar os pontos principais de perdas dos compostos funcionais, bem como, entender a relação de aditivos antioxidantes durante o processamento e o armazenamento. Foram avaliadas as perdas qualitativas nas etapas do processamento de beterraba minimamente processada. Após, foi testada a utilização de cisteína (aminoácido antioxidante) para manutenção da qualidade visual, capacidade antioxidante, betalaínas e polifenóis no armazenamento. Como principais resultados, o descascamento foi a etapa crítica do processo, com a perda das principais camadas celulares (colênquima) de acúmulo de compostos bioativos. Com a aplicação de cisteína, esta foi mais efeticaz nas maiores dosagens (0,1% e 0,2%) para manutenção dos aspectos visuais e controle do esbranquiçamento superficial, dos teores de betalaínas e compostos fenólicos totais. Isso refletiu na manutenção da capacidade antioxidante do produto durante os dias de análise. No entanto, dosagens mais altas não impedem a ação enzimática da polifenoloxidase (PPO), o que resulta principalmente na perda das concentrações de ácidos hidroxicinâmicos. Ainda, foi identificada pela primeira vez em beterraba uma betacianina fosforilada de ocorrência sazonal, a 2'O- apiosil betanina. Em conclusão, este trabalho apresenta importante contribuição para o entendimento das relações entre as perdas dos principais compostos bioativos e os processos de preparo e armazenamento de beterraba minimamente processada. Além disso, foi demonstrado que a cisteína é eficiente para conservação das propriedades funcionais em beterraba minimamente processada, atendendo aos requisitos de um produto antioxidante para aplicação em alimentos, sendo eficaz em baixas concentrações.
Title in English
Preservation of visual quality and bioactive compounds of fresh-cut red beet
Keywords in English
Beta vulgaris L.
Antioxidant capacity
Betalains
Minimal processing
Whiteness polyphenols
Abstract in English
The techniques used in the preparation of the fresh-cut product should recommend the lowest possible loss of the main functional and quality compounds during the preparation and storage of the food. However, there are several responses from the fresh-cut product regarding the damage suffered during their preparation, which trigger several reactions related to the physiology of stress, which can be mitigated by the application of antioxidant additives. Thus, it is important to determine the main loss points of the functional compounds, as well as to understand the interaction of antioxidant additives, such as cysteine, in order to avoid or mitigate such losses, being analyzed for the direct interference of processing and storage. The qualitative losses in the processing stages of fresh-cut beets were evaluated. After that, the use of cysteine (antioxidant amino acid) for the maintenance of visual quality, antioxidant capacity, betalains and polyphenols in storage was tested. As the main results, peeling was the critical stage of the process, with loss of the main cellular layers (collenchyma) of accumulation of bioactive compounds. Cysteine application, was more effective in the higher dosages (0.1% and 0.2%) for maintenance of the visual aspects and control of the superficial whitening, the contents of betalains and total phenolic compounds. This reflected in conservation the antioxidant capacity of the product during the days of analysis. However, higher dosages do not prevent the enzymatic action of polyphenoloxidase (PPO), which results mainly in the loss of hydroxycinnamic acid concentrations. As well, a seasonally occurring phosphorylated betacyanin, 2'O-apiosyl betanine, was first time identified in beet. In conclusion, this work presents an important contribution to the understanding of the relationships between the losses of the main bioactive compounds and the processes of preparation and storage of minimally processed beets. In addition, it has been demonstrated that cysteine is efficient for preserving the functional properties in minimally processed beets, meeting the requirements of an antioxidant product for food application, being effective in low concentrations.
 
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Release Date
2020-04-09
Publishing Date
2018-04-20
 
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