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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2002.tde-22102002-154541
Document
Author
Full name
Vanda dos Santos Silva
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2002
Supervisor
Committee
Gallo, Luiz Antonio (President)
Broetto, Fernando
Crocomo, Otto Jesu
Title in Portuguese
Regeneração in vitro de embriões de Cocos nicífera L.
Keywords in Portuguese
coco
melhoramento genético vegetal
propagação vegetal
regeneração "in vitro"
Abstract in Portuguese
O setor de produção de coco é atingido por vários problemas que afetam sua produtividade especialmente o uso difundido de plantas sem seleção devido a características intrínsecas da cultura que dificultam a seleção de cultivares com características superiores. O uso eficiente dos recursos genéticos do coco tem encontrado dificuldades na coleta e troca de germoplasma. A cultura de tecidos tem por finalidade viabilizar a troca segura de germoplasma e facilitar o desenvolvimento de variedades produtivas em um programa de melhoramento genético, porém a regeneração de plantas através de técnicas in vitro tem apresentado dificuldades adicionais no estabelecimento de protocolos viáveis. O presente trabalho teve por objetivo estabelecer um protocolo viável para a regeneração de embriões zigóticos para ser utilizado em programas de melhoramento genético e para o transporte seguro de germoplasma, testando diferentes meios básicos de cultura, presença de reguladores vegetais, concentração de sacarose e fontes de aminoácidos. A regeneração de embriões foi mais efetiva em meio de cultura Y3 (Eeuwens, 1976) com concentração de Fe2SO4 41,7 mg.L -1 e Na2EDTA 55,8 mg.L -1 na presença de glicina e ausência de mio-inositol, contendo carvão ativado. A presença de reguladores vegetais e a caseína hidrolisada foram limitantes inclusive inibindo a germinação. A presença de altas concentrações de sacarose (60 g/L) mostrou melhores resultados.
Title in English
In vitro regeneration of Cocos nucífera l. embryos.
Keywords in English
coconut
in vitro regenation
plant Genetic Improvement
plant propagation
Abstract in English
The sector of coconut production is reached by several problems that affect his productivity especially the spread use of plants without selection due to intrinsic characteristics of the culture that difficult the selections for cultivars whit superiors characteristics. The efficient use of the genetic resources of the coconut has been having difficulties in collecting and germplasm exchange. The tissue culture has for purpose to make possible the safety change of germplasm and to facilitate the development of productive varieties in a program of genetic improvement; however the regeneration of plants through in vitro techniques has been presenting additional difficulties in the establishment of viable protocols. The present work had for objective to establish a viable protocol for the regeneration of coconut zigotic embryos to be used in programs of genetic improvement and for the safe movement of germplasm, testing different basic media of tissue culture, presence of growth regulators, sucrose concentration and sources of amino acids. The regeneration of embryos was more effective in Y3 (Eeuwens, 1976) media with concentration of Fe2SO4 41,7 mg.L -1 and Na2EDTA 55,8 mg.L -1 whit presence of glycine and absence of meso-inositol, containing activated charcoal. The growth regulators and hydrolysate casein presence even inhibited germination. The presence of high sucrose concentrations (60 g/L) showed better results.
 
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Publishing Date
2002-10-28
 
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