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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2016.tde-03102016-161028
Document
Author
Full name
Nayara Marcon Vire
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Tommasiello Filho, Mario (President)
Chaix, Gilles Christophe
Graça, Rodrigo Neves
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação da qualidade do lenho de árvores de Eucalytpus geneticamente modificadas
Keywords in Portuguese
Espectrocopia
Eucalipto transgênico
NIR
Qualidade do lenho
Raios X
Abstract in Portuguese
Este estudo tem como objetivo analisar a qualidade do lenho das árvores de eucalipto geneticamente modificadas e seus respectivos controles (clones convencionais). Foram selecionadas 70 árvores de eucalipto, ao 12º mês de 14 tratamentos (10 eventos modificados e 4 clones convencionais) representando 5 árvores/tratamento. As amostras do lenho foram coletadas do tronco das árvores com sonda de Pressler para análise das suas características anatômicas, densidade aparente do lenho (microdensitometria dos raios X) e propriedades químicas (espectroscopia no infravermelho próximo). As propriedades anatômicas e a densidade aparente do lenho indicaram poucas diferenças significativas entre as árvores dos tratamentos. Nas análises da espectroscopia no infravermelho próximo (NIR) foram encontrados modelos satisfatórios para a densidade aparente do lenho, a fração parede e para o teor de celulose. O lenho das árvores dos eventos modificados e dos clones convencionais mostrou pequenas diferenças nas características anatômicas e físicas, sendo caracterizado como lenho juvenil; assim as árvores devem ser analisadas em idades mais avançadas, com lenho de transição e adulto. Os resultados constituem-se parte da análise das árvores de eucalipto geneticamente modificadas, subsidiando os estudos genéticos visando obter altos níveis de produtividade.
Title in English
Evaluation of wood quality of genetically modified Eucalyptus trees
Keywords in English
Near infrared spectroscopy
quality
Transgenic Eucalyptus
X-ray
Abstract in English
This study aims to analyze the quality of the wood of genetically modified eucalyptus trees and their respective controls (conventional clones). 70 eucalyptus trees were selected at 12 months of 14 treatments (10 modified events and 4 conventional clones) representing 5 trees / treatment. The wood samples were collected of the trunk of the eucalyptus trees with Pressler increment borer for the analysis of their anatomical features, density of wood (microdensitometry of X-rays) and chemical properties (near infrared spectroscopy). The anatomical properties and wood density of eucalypts trees showed few significant differences between treatments. In the analysis of near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) have been found satisfactory models for the apparent density of the wood, the wall portion and the cellulose content. The wood from the trees of the modified events and conventional clones showed small differences in the anatomical and physical characteristics, being characterized as juvenile wood; so the trees must be analyzed at older ages, with wood transition and adult. The results are a part of the analysis of genetically modified eucalyptus trees, supporting genetic studies to obtain high levels of productivity.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-10-17
 
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