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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.11.2003.tde-24032004-151150
Document
Author
Full name
Marcio Pereira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Goncalves, Antonio Natal (President)
Almeida, Marcilio de
Oliveira, Antonio Luiz de
Scarpare Filho, Joao Alexio
Sena, Janete Apparecida Desidério
Title in Portuguese
Propagação via estacas apicais, caracterização morfológica e molecular de jabuticabeiras (Myrciaria spp).
Keywords in Portuguese
estacas (plantas)
genética molecular vegetal
jabuticaba
morfologia vegetal
mudas
propagação vegetal
variação genética vegetal
Abstract in Portuguese
Com o objetivo de avaliar a influência de diferentes tipos de substratos, valores de pH e concentrações de AIB (Ácido Indolbutírico) no enraizamento de estacas apicais de jabuticabeiras (Myrciaria jaboticaba (Vell.) O. Berg), e caracterizar morfológica e molecularmente espécies de jabuticabeiras, foram realizados dois experimentos. No primeiro, foram coletadas estacas apicais de matrizes de jabuticabeiras da espécie Myrciaria jaboticaba (Vell.) O. Berg, e submetidas às condições de enraizamento. O delineamento adotado foi o de subparcelas subsubdivididas 2x4x5, onde os substratos areia grossa e vermiculita constituíram as subparcelas ou unidades inteiras, os pHs (3.5; 4.5; 5.5 e 6,5) constituíram os quatro valores, e as concentrações de AIB (0; 1000; 2000; 4000 e 6000 mg.L -1 ) as subsubparcelas. O substrato areia grossa, quando interagiu com os pHs 4.5 e 5.5 proporcionou uma maior taxa de enraizamento nas estacas apicais de jabuticabeiras, já pHs elevados (6.5) e baixos (3.5), para os dois substratos, inibiram a emissão de raízes na base das estacas. As diferentes concentrações de AIB não influenciaram no enraizamento das estacas apicais. No segundo experimento, foram caracterizadas plantas de jabuticabeiras dos pomares do Setor de Horticultura do Departamento de Produção Vegetal da ESALQ-USP-Piracicaba-SP e do pomar de fruticultura da FAFRAM (Faculdade "Dr. Francisco Maeda" de Ituverava-SP). Para a caracterização das espécies, foram comparadas as características anatômicas do caule, características morfológicas através da comparação com os espécimes de herbários, revisão de literatura especializada e análise molecular através do uso de marcadores (RAPD-PCR). Foram identificados 4 grupos distintos, sendo que as espécies foram: Myrciaria phytrantha (Kiaersk.) Mattos, Myrciaria jaboticaba (Vell.) O. Berg, Myrciaria coronata Mattos, Myrciaria cauliflora (Mart.) O. Berg. A técnica de marcadores moleculares aliado ás técnicas de marcadores morfológicos (morfologia externa e interna), mostrou ser uma ferramenta importante na identificação de espécies de jaboticabeiras.
Title in English
Apical cuttings propagation, morphologic and molecular characterization of jabuticaba trees (Myrciaria spp).
Keywords in English
cutting (plant)
jabuticaba
seedling
vegetable genetics variation
vegetable molecular genetics
vegetable morphology
vegetable propagation
Abstract in English
Two experiments were conducted with de main objective to verify the influence of different types of substracts, pH levels and IBA concentrations on rooting of jabuticaba trees, cuttings (Myrciaria jaboticbal (Vell.) O. Berg) and characterize 4 jabuticaba trees’ species using morphological and molecular tools. In the first experiment, jabuticaba trees’ apical cuttings were collected and put on rooting condictions. The estatistic delineation used was split plot (2 x 4 x 5), in which thick sand and vermiculite were considered subparcels or entire units, pH (3.5; 4.5; 5.5 e 6.5) were considered the four levels and IBA concentrations (0; 1000; 2000; 4000 e 6000 mg.L -1 ) were considered subsubparcels. The interaction between thick sand and 4.5 and 5.5 pH levels provided the best rooting taxes for jabuticaba trees’ apical cuttings, while 6.5 e 3.5 pH levels, had inhibited the emission of roots. IBA different concentrations had not influenced the rooting of apical cuttings. The second research was carried on two orchards: one located in Horticulture Sector of Vegetal Production Departament from ESALQ-USP, Piracicaba, SP, and another from College "Dr. Francisco Maeda" (FAFRAM), Ituverava, SP. To the species characterization, stem anatomical and morphological characteristics were compared using herbarium search, specialized literature revision and molecular analysis by the use of biological markers (RAPD-PCR). Four different groups were identified: Myrciaria phytrantha (Kiaersk) Mattos; Myrciaria jaboticaba (Vell.) O. Berg; Myrciaria coronata Mattos e Myrciaria cauliflora (Mart.) O. Berg. The molecular markers technique connected with morphological markers (external and internal morphology) showed to be an important tool used to identify jabuticaba tree species.
 
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Publishing Date
2004-03-30
 
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