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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.12.2012.tde-01022013-183158
Document
Author
Full name
Eduardo Sanchez Astorino
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Rodrigues Junior, Mauro (President)
Gonçalves, Carlos Eduardo Soares
Veloso, Fernando Augusto Adeodato
Title in English
The great depression in Brazil
Keywords in English
Great depression
International economics
Macroeconomics
Abstract in English
This work aims to explain the performance of the Brazilian economy throughout the period of the Great Depression. We propose a general equilibrium, open economy model in which the Brazilian government can improve the terms of trade by taking advantage of Brazil's monopolistic position in international coffee markets. It burns a share of coffee production in order to influence international prices, thus containing the impact of the Great Depression on the domestic economy's supply of foreign consumption and investment goods. We find that our coffee burning mechanism is capable of improving the performance of the economy for some of our assumptions about the share of coffee that is destroyed. Our models also fits with different degrees of success the data on international coffee prices.
Title in Portuguese
A grande depressão no Brasil
Keywords in Portuguese
Economia internacional
Grande depressão
Macroeconomia
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho objetiva explicar a performance da economia brasileira durante o período da Grande Depressão. Nós propomos um modelo de equilíbrio geral com economia aberta no qual o governo brasileiro consegue melhorar os termos de troca ao se aproveitar da posição monopolística do Brasil nos mercados internacionais de café. Ele queima uma parcela da produção de café para influenciar os preços internacionais, assim contendo o impacto da Grande Depressão sobre a oferta de bens de consumo e investimento importados da economia doméstica. Nós descobrimos que o mecanismo de queima do café é capaz de melhorar a performance da economia sob algumas de nossas hipóteses sobre a parcela de café que é destruída. Nossos modelos também se ajustam com diferentes graus de sucesso aos dados sobre os preços internacionais do café.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-02-14
 
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