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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.12.2005.tde-06052005-160301
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Carolina Giuberti
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2005
Supervisor
Committee
Rocha, Fabiana Fontes (President)
Gonçalves, Carlos Eduardo Soares
Mendes, Marcos José
Title in Portuguese
Efeitos da lei de responsabilidade fiscal sobre os gastos dos municípios brasileiros.
Keywords in Portuguese
Finanças públicas
Orçamento público
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho estuda o efeito da Lei de Responsabilidade Fiscal (LRF) sobre os municípios brasileiros. De modo particular, avalia qual era a situação fiscal dos municípios, se essa situação necessitava ser controlada através da imposição de uma regra e se o limite imposto sobre as despesas com pessoal afeta esses municípios e contribui para redução do gasto público. Em relação à situação fiscal, os problemas de déficit corrente e gasto excessivo com pessoal não aparecem de modo generalizado. Ambos se restringem a uma pequena parcela dos municípios, o que indica que o limite imposto pela Lei não afeta na média os municípios. De fato, a resposta à questão levantada sobre qual o é impacto da Lei sobre os gastos com pessoal no conjunto dos Municípios brasileiros mostra que a LRF afeta de modo positivo o gasto com pessoal. Isto não deve levar à conclusão de que ela não está sendo cumprida, pois dado que a despesa com pessoal apresentada pelo conjunto dos Municípios brasileiros nos últimos anos ficou abaixo do limite estabelecido pela Lei, conclui-se que há espaço para uma elevação desse gasto sem que isso implique numa infração a mesma. Contudo, o estudo também analisa o impacto da LRF sobre os municípios que enfrentavam um elevado gasto com esse item de despesa. Neste caso, o resultado alcançado permite concluir que a LRF é relevante para controlar o gasto com pessoal.
Title in English
The effects of Lei de Responsabilidade Fiscal on Brazilian''s municipalities public expenditures.
Keywords in English
budget
public finance
Abstract in English
This work studies the effect of the recent budget rule adopted in Brazil, called Lei de Responsabilidade Fiscal (LRF), on its municipalities. It investigates if the problems of fiscal deficits and expenditures on salaries and wages of public employees, including retirement expenditures, were so high as to justify the imposition of a fiscal rule as were in the case of Brazilian states. It also evaluates if the limit established by the law on government’s payroll had any effect on the mayors behavior towards this item of the public budget and contributed to reduce the public spending. In regard of the fiscal situation of the Brazilian municipalities, neither the fiscal deficit nor the government’s high payroll appeared as generalized problem. These are problems restricted to a small number of cities, which indicates that the LRF should not have a significant effect on government’s payroll. In fact, the result of the dynamic effect panel model estimated to evaluate the LRF’s impact on government’s payroll shows that the law’s effect is positive. However, this should not lead to the conclusion that the law is being broken. As the data shows, the limit imposed by the LRF is not biding, which leaves space for a growth in the government’s payroll. On the other hand, when the analysis of the LRF’s effect on the government’s payroll is restricted to the cities that had a high spending on salaries and wages, the result is that the limit imposed by the law has the expected effect of controlling the high expenditures.
 
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dissertacaoLRF.pdf (798.99 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2006-04-12
 
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