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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.12.2008.tde-12122008-145950
Document
Author
Full name
Pedro Silva Scazufca
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Haddad, Eduardo Amaral (President)
Azzoni, Carlos Roberto
Domingues, Edson Paulo
Title in Portuguese
Determinantes das exportações industriais: evidência empírica dos municípios paulistas
Keywords in Portuguese
Comércio internacional
Econometria
Economia regional
Economia urbana
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste estudo é compreender se certas características espaciais influenciam o desempenho exportador das firmas. A análise é feita com dados de dezenove setores exportadores dos municípios do Estado de São Paulo, que compõem a maior Aglomeração Industrial Exportadora do país. Os resultados obtidos, com o Modelo de Determinantes das Exportações, confirmam a hipótese que fatores espaciais são relevantes para as exportações das firmas. Indo ao encontro de uma das previsões do Modelo de Krugman-Livas, a especialização econômica aparece como uma dos principais determinantes das vendas para outros países. Os efeitos das economias de aglomeração foram significantes para a maioria dos setores estudados. Tais resultados evidenciaram que as economias de urbanização, que já foram apontadas em diversos estudos como importantes para o crescimento das cidades, parecem também ser relevantes para as firmas que exportam. Notou-se ainda que transbordamentos espaciais dos diversos setores levam a efeitos representativos para as exportações. Além disso, a acessibilidade a mercados afeta os setores de maneira diferenciada.
Title in English
Determinative of the exportations: empirical evidence of the São Paulo cities
Keywords in English
Econometrics
International trade
Regional economies
Urban economics
Abstract in English
The aim of this study is to understand if spatial aspects influence firms export performance. The analysis is made with data from nineteen exporting sectors of the state of São Paulo, which constitute the largest industrial export agglomeration of the country. The results obtained through the Export Determinants Model confirm the hypothesis that spatial aspects are relevant for firms exports. As it appears in Krugman-Livas Model, economic specialization seems to be a major determinant of sales to other countries. Agglomeration economies effects were significant for almost all sectors, showing that urbanization economies, which have already been identified in various studies as important for the growth of cities, also seem to be relevant to firms which export. It was also observed that spillover effects into the sectors are representative for exports. Furthermore, access to markets affects sectors in a different way.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-01-06
 
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