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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.14.2019.tde-04062018-163800
Document
Author
Full name
Gabriel Negrucci Dragone
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Ussami, Naomi (President)
Assumpcao, Marcelo Sousa de
Lyrio, Julio Cesar Soares de Oliveira
Title in Portuguese
Estrutura crustal da Bacia do Chaco-Paraná a partir de dados gravimétricos
Keywords in Portuguese
Bacia do Chaco-Paraná
geofísica
gravimetria
Abstract in Portuguese
Um estudo gravimétrico comparativo das bacias do Chaco-Paraná (BCP) e Paraná (BP) foi efetuado utilizando o modelo global EGM08 e os dados da missão GOCE. A feição gravimétrica mais notável é um gradiente gravimétrico de 0,25 mGal/km, de direção norte-sul e que contorna a borda oeste da Bacia do Paraná e inflexiona para leste na latitude 30º S. Esse gradiente separa as duas bacias em províncias gravimétricas com características distintas. A BCP é caracterizada por anomalias gravimétricas positivas entre 10 e 20 mGal e de direção norte-sul, enquanto que na BP as anomalias variam entre -50 a -90 mGal na direção NE-SW. A análise gravimétrica foi efetuada de duas formas. Inicialmente removeu-se o efeito gravitacional devido aos sedimentos e basaltos e a anomalia devido às fontes mais profundas foi invertida para determinar o relevo da interface crosta-manto. Posteriormente efetuou-se uma análise isostática estimando a profundidade de compensação para a topografia observada nos modelos de Airy e flexural de placa contínua. Esses modelos, considerando a topografia observada como a única carga, não preveem a profundidade da Moho qualquer que seja o valor da espessura elástica. Dados de profundidade da Moho por métodos sismológicos, onde existentes, foram confrontados com os fornecidos pela inversão gravimétrica, estimando assim o valor do contraste de densidade (300 kg/m³) para o qual as profundidades da Moho e da interface crosta-manto obtida pela gravimetria melhor se ajustam. A inversão gravimétrica indica que a crosta da BCP é em média 7 km menos espessa do que a crosta da BP. Os resultados deste estudo sugerem a existência de uma descontinuidade crustal, e possivelmente uma sutura litosférica ao longo do gradiente gravimétrico entre as bacias do Chaco-Paraná e do Paraná.
Title in English
Chaco-Paraná basin crustal structure from gravity data
Keywords in English
Chaco-Paraná basin
geophysics
gravity
Abstract in English
A comparative gravity study of the Chaco-Paraná (CPB) and the Paraná (PB) basins was carried out using the EGM08 and GOCE global geopotential models. The most prominent gravity feature in the study area is a gradient of 0.25 mGal/km, extending from north to south alongside the western border of the Paraná basin and continuing eastward towards the Atlantic coast at the latitude 30º S. This gradient separates both basins into two gravity provinces with distinct characteristics. The CPB is marked by positive Bouguer anomalies of about 10 to 20 mGal in amplitude with north-south trending, whereas in the PB the Bouguer anomalies range from -50 to -90 mGal and trend along the NE-SW direction. The gravity analysis was carried out in two ways. Firstly, the gravity effect from basalts and sediments was calculated and removed and the gravity anomaly due to deeper sources was inverted in order to determine the crust-mantle interface relief. Secondly, an isostatic analysis was carried out in order to estimate the compensation depth due to the observed topography using both Airy and continuous plate flexural models. These isostatic models, considering the observed topography as the only load, cannot account for the observed Moho regardless of the effective elastic thickness value. Moho depth provided by seismological studies, where available, were compared with the results of the gravity inversion, thus estimating the density contrast (300 kg/m3) for which the Moho and crust-mantle interface depths are in agreement. The gravity inversion indicates that, in average, the CPB crust is 7 km thinner than the PB crust. This study suggests the existence of a crustal discontinuity, and perhaps even a lithospheric suture along the gravity gradient between the Chaco-Paraná and the Paraná basins.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-01-22
 
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