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Mémoire de Maîtrise
DOI
10.11606/D.14.2019.tde-16092018-174553
Document
Auteur
Nom complet
Iris Fernandes
Unité de l'USP
Domain de Connaissance
Date de Soutenance
Editeur
São Paulo, 2015
Directeur
Jury
Porsani, Jorge Luis (Président)
Dourado, João Carlos
Luiz, José Gouvêa
Titre en portugais
Investigações GPR em apoio à arqueologia pré-histórica na área de influência do aproveitamento hidrelétrico de Dardanelos, MT
Mots-clés en portugais
arqueologia pré-histórica.
Ground Penetrating Radar
Imageamento 2D
Imageamento 3D
Resumé en portugais
Nesta pesquisa, o metodo GPR foi empregado para localizar e mapear urnas funerarias enterradas, visando orientar as escavacoes arqueologicas e auxiliar nas medidas de protecao de sitios arqueologicos na regiao de influencia direta do aproveitamento hidreletrico de Dardanelos, proximo a Aripuana, MT. Um estudo arqueologico previo seria necessario para verificar a presenca de sitios arqueologicos, pois a regiao seria submersa, afetando todo e qualquer possivel artefato presente no sitio. Na area de influencia da usina de hidreletrica ja havia um sitio conhecido, o sitio de Dardanelos, sendo este o objeto da presente pesquisa. Dados GPR obtidos com a antena blindada de 200 MHz foram processados e analisados, e os resultados apresentados na forma de perfis 2D e em 3D na forma de depth-slices. Apos a aquisicao e processamento dos dados foram identificadas as anomalias GPR e interpretadas a fim de identificar os alvos de interesse arqueologico e raizes de arvores, evitando assim, que haja ambiguidade na caracterizacao dos alvos de interesse. A analise 3D gerada a partir dos perfis de reflexao 2D permitiu diferenciar com clareza os alvos de interesse das raizes de arvores, uma vez que nela podemos visualizar um padrao mais alongado ao inves de pontual, como e apresentado quando temos um artefato arqueologico. Ainda, atraves da conversao do tempo de percurso da onda eletromagnetica em profundidade, podemos identificar a profundidade dos alvos. Esta conversao tambem ajuda a esclarecer as ambiguidades, uma vez que as raizes sao mais rasas e os artefatos mais profundos.
Titre en anglais
GPR investigations in support of prehistoric archeology in the area of influence of the hydroelectric Dardanelos, MT
Mots-clés en anglais
2D imaging
3D imaging
Ground Penetrating Radar
prehistoric archeology.
Resumé en anglais
In this research, GPR method was used to locate and map buried indigenous urns, aiming to guide and assist the archaeological excavations in order to guide protections acts of archaeological sites in the region directly affected by the hydroelectric of Dardanelos, near to Aripuana, MT. A preliminary archaeological study would be necessary to investigate the presence of archaeological sites, because the area would go underwater, affecting any possible artifact present on the site. In the area of influence of the hydroelectric plant there was already a known site, the site of the Dardanelos, which is the subject of this research. The GPR data obtained with shielded antenna 200 MHz were processed and analyzed, and the results presented as 2D and 3D profiles in the form of depth-slices. After processing the GPR data anomalies were identified and interpreted to identify the targets of archeological interest and roots of trees, thus avoiding ambiguity in the characterization of targets of interest. The 3D analysis generated from the 2D reflection profiles allowed to differentiate clearly the targets of interest from the roots of trees, since they can display a more elongated pattern rather than punctual, as shown when we have an archaeological artifact. Further, by converting the travel time of the electromagnetic wave in depth, we can identify the depth of targets. This conversion also helps to clarify the ambiguities, since the roots are shallower and the artifacts are deeper.
 
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Date de Publication
2019-01-22
 
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