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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.17.2018.tde-17042018-142111
Document
Author
Full name
Graziele Cristina Ferreira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Santos, Jose Eduardo Tanus dos (President)
Rodrigues, Gerson Jhonatan
Bendhack, Lusiane Maria
Monteiro, Hugo Pequeno
Title in Portuguese
Alterações induzidas pelo TEMPOL sobre as concentrações de metabólitos do óxido nítrico após o tratamento com nitrito de sódio
Keywords in Portuguese
Espécies nitros(il)adas; Metabólitos do óxido nítrico; Nitrato; Nitrito; TEMPOL
Abstract in Portuguese
No final do século XX o nitrito e nitrato de sódio passaram a ser vistos como possíveis agentes terapêuticos nas doenças cardiovasculares. Estudos iniciais sugeriam que o mecanismo anti-hipertensivo do nitrito de sódio (NaNO2) era pela sua conversão a óxido nítrico (NO) em meio ácido. Estudos posteriores mostraram que a formação de espécies nitros(il)adas também poderiam estar envolvidas nesse mecanismo. Sabemos ainda da importância do ciclo êntero-salivar do NO para a manutenção dos efeitos anti-hipertensivos do nitrito, além do fato que antioxidantes, como o TEMPOL potencializam esses efeitos. Entretanto o mecanismo antihipertensivo exato do NaNO2 e a relevância de cada metabólito do NO (nitrito, nitrato e espécies nitros(il)adas) nesse processo, permanecem obscuros. Este estudo foi realizado a fim de compreender a formação de espécies nitros(il)adas, nitrito e nitrato a partir da administração de NaNO2, e como o TEMPOL pode interferir nessas reações em condições fisiológicas e na hipertensão. Em animais normotensos a administração de NaNO2 aumentou as concentrações de nitrito, espécies nitros(il)adas e nitrato no plasma, coração, fígado e estômago. O TEMPOL potencializou o aumento de nitrito em quase todos os tecidos no intervalo de 15 minutos após a administração de NaNO2. Na hipertensão, as concentrações desses metabólitos ficaram mais baixas comparadas aos animais normotensos, e o TEMPOL não foi mais capaz de potencializar a formação dos mesmos.
Title in English
Time course effects of TEMPOL on nitritc oxide metabolites levels after sodium nitrite treatment
Keywords in English
TEMPOL; Nitric oxide metabolites; Nitrite; Nitros(yl)ated species
Abstract in English
At the end of the 20th century, sodium nitrite and nitrate were seen as possible therapeutic agents in cardiovascular diseases. Initial studies suggested that the antihypertensive mechanism of sodium nitrite (NaNO2) was related to its conversion to nitric oxide (NO) in acidic environment. Further studies have shown that formation of nitros(yl)ated species may also be involved in this mechanism. We also know the importance of the enterosalivary circuit of nitrate for the maintenance of antihypertensive effects of nitrite, besides antioxidants such as TEMPOL potentiate these effects. However, the exact antihypertensive mechanism of NaNO2 and the relevance of each NO metabolite (nitrite, nitrate and nitros(yl)ated species) in this process remain obscure. This study was carried out in order to understand a little more about the formation of nitros(yl)ated species, nitrite and nitrate from the administration of NaNO2, and how TEMPOL may interfere in these reactions in physiological conditions and hypertension. In normotensive animals the administration of NaNO2 increased the concentrations of nitrite, nitros(yl)ated species and nitrate in the plasma, heart, liver and stomach. TEMPOL potentiated this increase in almost all tissues within 15 minutes after administration of NaNO2. In hypertension, the concentrations of these metabolites decreased compared to the concentrations found in normotensive animals, and TEMPOL was no longer able to potentiate them. Thus, we concluded that in situations where oxidative stress is lower, we found higher concentrations of NO metabolites after treatment with sodium nitrite.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-05-24
 
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