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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.17.2018.tde-23042018-110401
Document
Author
Full name
Leonardo Daniel Mendes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Zangrossi Junior, Helio (President)
Padovan, Claudia Maria
Campos, Alline Cristina de
Souza, Ricardo Luiz Nunes de
Title in Portuguese
Envolvimento da neurotransmissão CRFérgica das asas laterais do núcleo dorsal da rafe na expressão de comportamentos defensivos associados ao pânico
Keywords in Portuguese
Asas laterais
Fator liberador de corticotropina
Labirinto em T elevado
Núcleo dorsal da rafe
Pânico
Abstract in Portuguese
O núcleo dorsal da rafe é a principal fonte de projeções serotonérgicas que inervam áreas límbicas implicadas na modulação de diferentes funções comportamentais e/ou neurovegetativas. Disfunções neste núcleo têm sido associadas à gênese de transtornos psiquiátricos. Estudos recentes apontam para a heterogeneidade morfológica e funcional do NDR, com destaque para evidências que sugerem a participação seletiva da sub-região denominada asas laterais nos mecanismos fisiopatológicos do transtorno de pânico. Dentre os diversos neurotransmissores presentes nas asas laterais, o papel desempenhado pelo fator liberador de corticotrofina (CRF) na modulação dos neurônios serotonérgicos presentes nesta área tem ganhado amplo destaque. Com base nestas evidências, o objetivo deste trabalho foi o de avaliar o envolvimento da neurotransmissão mediada pelo CRF nas asas laterais de ratos machos Wistar na expressão do comportamento de fuga avaliado no labirinto em T elevado (LTE). Os resultados obtidos mostram que administração local de CRF na dose de 100 ng atenuou a expressão do comportamento de fuga, enquanto que a dose de 0,3 ng facilitou a expressão desse comportamento, sugerindo assim um efeito do tipo panicolítico e panicogênico, respectivamente. A injeção de CRF nas asas laterais não afetou a aquisição da resposta de esquiva inibitória também medida no LTE. Este comportamento defensivo tem sido associado à ansiedade. Além disso, a administração de antalarmina, um antagonista seletivo de CRF1, previamente à dose de 0,3 ng bloqueou o efeito facilitador do CRF sobre a expressão da resposta da fuga, sugerindo então que os receptores de CRF1 estejam envolvidos no efeito panicogênico deste peptídeo. Assim sendo, o efeito do CRF sobre a resposta de fuga no LTE parece ser dependente da dose administrada. Os resultados obtidos, juntamente com dados prévios da literatura, indicam que diferentes subtipos de receptores de CRF sejam recrutados na mediação destes efeitos opostos causados pelo peptídeo.
Title in English
Involvement of CRF-mediated neurotransmission in the lateral wings of the dorsal raphe nucleus in the expression of defensive behaviors associated with panic
Keywords in English
Corticotrophin releasing factor
Dorsal raphe nucleus
Elevated T maze
Lateral wings
Panic
Abstract in English
The dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) is the main source of serotonergic projections that innervate limbic areas involved in the modulation of different behavioral and/or neurovegetative functions. Dysfunctions in this nucleus have been associated with the genesis of psychiatric disorders. Recent studies point to the morphological and functional heterogeneity of NDR. There is evidence to suggest that the sub-region called lateral wings is involved in the physiopathological mechanisms of panic disorder. Among the several neurotransmitters present in the lateral wings, the role played by the corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) in the modulation of the serotonergic neurons present in this area has raised attention. Based on these evidences, the objective of this work was to evaluate the involvement of CRFmediated neurotransmission in the lateral wings of male Wistar rats in the expression of the escape behavior evaluated in the elevated T maze test (ETM). The results showed that local administration of CRF at the dose of 100 ng attenuated the expression of escape behavior, whereas the dose of 0.3 ng facilitated the expression of this behavior, thus suggesting a panicolytic- and panicogenic-like effects, respectively. Injection of CRF in the lateral wings did not affect the acquisition of the inhibitory avoidance response, also measured in ETM. This defensive behavior has been associated with anxiety. In addition, the administration of antalarmine, a CRF1 receptor antagonist, prior to the 0.3 ng dose blocked the facilitatory effect of CRF on the expression of the escape response, thus suggesting that CRF1 receptors are involved in the panicogenic effect of this peptide. Thus, the effect of CRF on escape response in the ETM seems to be dose dependent. The results obtained, together with previous literature data, indicate that different subtypes of CRF receptors are recruited in the mediation of these opposite effects caused by the peptide.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-07-19
 
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