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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.17.2016.tde-28102015-001015
Document
Author
Full name
Paula Andrea Castañeda Londoño
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Cruz, Angela Kaysel (President)
Arruda Neto, Eurico de
Uliana, Silvia Reni Bortolin
Title in Portuguese
Investigação de genes potencialmente implicados no controle de virulência em Leishmania major
Keywords in Portuguese
expressão gênica
infecção
Leishmania (L.) major
virulência
Abstract in Portuguese
As infecções humanas com Leishmania spp dão origem a um amplo espectro de manifestações clínicas que vão desde lesões tegumentares até compromisso visceral. O fenótipo da doença está intimamente relacionado com o tipo de resposta do hospedeiro mamífero à infecção do parasito e à variabilidade genética entre as espécies. Neste contexto, a identificação e caracterização de genes que regulam a virulência no fenótipo de Leishmania são essenciais para a compreensão dos mecanismos patogênicos do hospedeiro-parasita. Estudos anteriores realizados no laboratório mostraram a atenuação da virulência através da superexpressão do SL RNA em transfectantes de Leishmania (L.) major e Leishmania (V.) braziliensis em modelo murino. Para entender as mudanças fenotípicas encontradas em Leishmania (L.) major, a análise do perfil de expressão de genes permitiu identificar seis genes down-regulados e up-regulados, que poderiam contribuir individualmente com um padrão de virulência. Seis genes foram selecionados, os quais estão diferencialmente expressos entre as linhagens controle e transfectante. Para identificar genes específicos que poderiam compensar parcialmente a perda de virulência, foram analisados o fenótipo da infecção in vivo em camundongos suscetíveis. O conjunto de nossos dados sugerem que os genes estudados (LmjF 12.066 proteína fosfatase serina/treonina (PP2A); LmjF 36,5640 semelhante a ciclina; LmjF 36,4740 PIG-P (fosfatidilinositol N-acetilglucosaminil transferase - subunidade P) podem afetar negativamente a virulência de Leishmania (L.) major in vivo. Foram observadas diferenças significativas (p<0,005) entre os transfectantes contendo o vetor vazio e os transfectantes superexpressores, embora a caracterização do crescimento em condições axênicas não mostrou alterações. A localização destas proteínas superexpressas sugerem uma localização citoplasmática. Os resultados apresentados indicam que os altos níveis de expressão destes genes comparado com as linhagens controle afetam negativamente a capacidade de linhagens virulentas, induzam lesões quando são injetadas em camundongos susceptíveis.
Title in English
Searching for genes potentially involved in virulence control in Leishmania major.
Keywords in English
gene expression
infection
Leishmania (L.) major
virulence
Abstract in English
Human infections with Leishmania spp give rise to a spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from tegumentary lesions to a visceral disease. The phenotype of the disease isclosely related to the type of parasite mammalian host response to infection and genetic variability among species. In this context, the identification and characterization of genes that regulate virulence in Leishmania phenotype is essential to the understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms of host-parasite. Previous studies conducted in the laboratory showed attenuation the virulence due to overexpression of the SL RNA in transfectants of Leishmania (L.) major and Leishmania (V.) braziliensis in a murine model. To understand the phenotypic changes found in Leishmania (L.) major, analyzes gene expression profile allowed to identify genes over- or under-expressed that may individually contribute to the virulence pattern. Six genes were selected which are differentially expressed between the control lines and transfectant. To identify specific genes can partly compensate for the loss of virulence, were analyze the phenotype of infection in vivo susceptible mice. Our results suggest that the studied genes (LmjF. 12.0660- Serine/threonine protein phosphatase (PP2A); LmjF. 36.5640 cycline-like; LmjF. 36.4740 PIG-P (phosphatidyl inositol N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase subuni P) had a negative effect over virulence of Leishmania (L.) major in vivo. Significant differences were observed p=<0.005 between parental; transfectants with vector alone and overexpressor, although growth profile in axenic conditions has not shown any change. All the proteins were detected in the cytoplasm. The results presented here indicate that high levels of these proteins affect negatively the ability of a virulent line to induce lesions when injected in susceptible mice.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-03-14
 
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