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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.17.2012.tde-20032012-101512
Document
Author
Full name
Carlos Gustavo Wambier
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Foss, Norma Tiraboschi (President)
Diniz, Lucia Martins
Ramalho, Fernando Silva
Rodrigues, Fernando Bellissimo
Salgado, Claudio Guedes
Title in Portuguese
Papel da ativação do fator nuclear kappa B (NF-kappa B) na expressão cutânea da hanseníase
Keywords in Portuguese
fatores de transcrição
hanseníase
imunomodulação
NF-kappa B
TNF-alfa
Abstract in Portuguese
O perfil de ativação do NF-B foi avaliado em biópsias de 47 pacientes com diagnóstico clínico e laboratorial de hanseníase, seguidos no Ambulatório de Hanseníase do Centro de Referência Nacional em Dermatologia Tropical com Ênfase em Hanseníase do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Universidade de São Paulo. O índice de ativação NF-B foi calculado de acordo com a porcentagem de positividade na histoquímica Southwestern. Índice de ativação NF-B >1 foi considerado representativo de ativação. Trinta e seis por cento dos pacientes apresentaram NF-B ativado na biópsia, o que foi mais frequente em multibacilares (54,6%) que em paucibacilares (20%), p=0,018. Hanseníase tuberculóide esteve associada com ausência de NF-B ativado (p=0,039). Forma dimorfa e neural pura estiveram associadas com ativação de NF-B, com odds ratio de 44 (p=0,014) e 30 (p=0,029), respectivamente. A ativação correlacionou-se com detecção in situ de fator de necrose tumoral por imuno-histoquímica (p=0,0064). Observou-se grande variação da ativação do NF-B nas formas clínicas de hanseníase. Ativação foi nula em granulomas de hanseníase tuberculóide, que representa a reação inflamatória mais efetiva contra o M. leprae. A ativação do NF-B ocorreu predominantemente em formas clínicas com maior suscetibilidade (multibacilares) e instabilidade imunológica (dimorfa), indicando condição favorável à infecção pela ativação do NF-B, por seus efeitos antiapoptóticos, visto que o bacilo depende das funções celulares para sobreviver.
Title in English
The role of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) activation in the cutaneous expression of leprosy
Keywords in English
immunomodulation
leprosy
NF-kappa B
TNF-alpha
transcription factors
Abstract in English
NF-B activation profile was evaluated in cutaneous biopsies from 47 patients with clinical and laboratorial diagnosis of leprosy followed at a referral center for treatment of leprosy, the leprosy outpatient clinic of the Hospital of Clinics of Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto University of São Paulo. NF-B activation index (ranging from 0 to 4) was calculated according to the percentage of positivity in Southwestern histochemistry. Activation index >1 was considered representative of activation. Thirty-six percent of patients presented activated NF-B, which was more frequent in multibacillary (54,6%) than in paucibacillary (20%), p=.018. Tuberculoid leprosy was associated with absence of activated NF-B (p=.039). Borderline and pure neural leprosy clinical forms were associated with NF-B activation, with odds ratio of 44 (p=.014) and 30 (p=.029), respectively. NF-B activation was correlated with in situ detection of tumor necrosis factor- by immunohistochemistry (p=.0064). Great variation of NF-B activation was found in clinical forms of leprosy. Activation was absent in tuberculoid leprosys granulomas, which represent effective inflammatory reaction pattern against M. leprae. NF-B activation was present in clinical forms with increased susceptibility (multibacillary) and immunological instability (borderline), which suggests favorable conditions towards infection, probably due to the anti-apoptotic effects of NF-B, since bacillary survival is dependent of cellular functions.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-02-19
 
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