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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Pedro José Tomaselli
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Júnior, Wilson Marques (President)
Tumas, Vitor
França Junior, Marcondes Cavalcante
Saporta, Mário André da Cunha
Sobreira, Claudia Ferreira da Rosa
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação das causas genéticas em pacientes com neuropatia hereditária utilizando técnicas de sequenciamento de nova geração (NGS)
Keywords in Portuguese
CMT
Neuropatias periféricas hereditárias
Sequenciamento de nova geração
Sequenciamento de todo exoma
Abstract in Portuguese
As neuropatias periféricas hereditárias são um grupo heterogêneo de doenças relacionadas que afetam o sistema nervoso periférico. Elas podem ser classificadas de acordo com a velocidade de condução motora nos membros superiores (tipo 1 - CMT1, tipo 2 - CMT2 ou intermediário - iCMT), de acordo com o padrão de herança (autossômicas dominantes, autossômicas recessivas ou ligadas ao X) e quanto ao fenótipo de apresentação (neuropatias hereditária sensitivo e motora - CMT, neuropatia hereditária sensitiva - HSN ou neuropatia motora hereditária distal - dHMN). O uso das tecnologias de sequenciamento de nova geração (NGS) para diagnóstico de pacientes com neuropatia hereditária é particularmente eficiente uma vez que representa uma doença Mendeliana com mais de 90 genes diferentes relacionados. Foram avaliados 30 pacientes com diferentes subtipos de neuropatia hereditária (3 CMT1, 12 CMT2, 8 iCMT, 4 dHMN e 3 HSN). Foram identificadas 6 mutações (SH3TC2, GDAP1, MME, IGHMBP2, 2 AARS) e 7 variantes provavelmente patogênicas (KIF1A, DRP2, MME, MPZ, VRK1, SIGMAR1, FLVCR1). Com uma taxa de positividade de 43.3%. As variantes provavelmente patogênicas foram consideradas como a causa da apresentação fenotípica apresentada pelos pacientes baseado na frequência de variantes nos bancos de população normal, no efeito bioquímico das variantes sobre a estrutura proteica e pela análise in silico. No entanto, essas variantes necessitam de evidências adicionais que confirmem sua patogenicidade. Foram identificadas variantes novas nos genes MPZ, KIF1A, DRP2, IGHMBP2, VRK1, SIGMAR1 e FLVCR1 ampliando a variabilidade genotípica desses genes. A associação das mutações identificadas nos genes VRK1, KIF1A, IGHMBP2 e FLVRC1 permitiu a expansão dos fenótipos relacionados a esses genes. Mutações no gene VRK1 podem causar uma dHMN com sinais de liberação piramidal e envolviemento preferencial do compartimento posterior da perna. Transtorno do espectro autista pode ser observado em associação a mutações no gene KIF1A e mutações no gene FLVRC1 podem causar um fenótipo grave caracterizado por insensibilidade congénita a dor e acromutilações. Mutações no gene IGHMBP2 podem causar uma sobreposição entre os fenótipos SMARD1/CMT2S com disautonomia restrita ao trato gastro intestinal. Esse estudo demonstra que o uso de WES para o diagnóstico molecular de doenças geneticamente heterogêneas como as neuropatias hereditárias é uma ferramenta útil.
Title in English
Next generation sequencing in patients with hereditary neuropathy
Keywords in English
CMT
Hereditary peripheral neuropathies
Next generation sequencing
Whole exome sequencing
Abstract in English
The hereditary peripheral neuropathies are a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders in which peripheral nervous system degeneration leads to weakness, atrophy and loss of sensation. It can be classified according motor conduction velocities in the upper limbs (type 1 - CMT1, type 2 - CMT2 or intermediate - iCMT), according to inheritance pattern (autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive or X linked) and according to the mainly group of fibres clinically involved (hereditary sensory and motor neuropathy - CMT, hereditary sensory neuropathy - HSN or distal hereditary motor neuropathy - dHMN). The use of next generation sequencing technologies (NGS) for the diagnosis of patients with genetic diseases is well established, as CMT is a Mendelian disease with more than 90 different related genes already reported. We evaluated 30 patients with all subtypes of hereditary neuropathy (3 CMT1, 12 CMT2, 8 iCMT, 4 dHMN and 3 HSN). Six mutations (SH3TC2, GDAP1, MME, IGHMBP2, 2 AARS) and 7 likely pathogenic variants (KIF1A, DRP2, MME, MPZ, VRK1, SIGMAR1, FLVCR1) were detected, leading to a positive rate of 43.3%. Likely pathogenic variants were considered based on their frequency in normal population, in silico analysis and segregation with phenotype. Despite they have strong evidences to support their causative status further evidence of their pathogenicity is required. New variants were identified in the genes MPZ, KIF1A, DRP2, IGHMBP2, VRK1, SIGMAR1 and FLVCR1 amplifying their genotypic variability. The mutations identified in VRK1, KIF1A, IGHMBP2 and FLVRC1 expanded their phenotype spectrum. Mutations in the VRK1 gene may cause dHMN with upper motor neuron signs. Autistic spectrum disorder may be observed in association with mutations in the KIF1A gene and mutations in the FLVRC1 gene may cause a severe phenotype characterized by congenital insensitivity to pain and acromutilations. Mutations in the IGHMBP2 gene may cause an overlap between SMARD1 and CMT2S phenotypes with organ specific dysautonomia. This study demonstrates that WES is a powerful tool for molecular diagnosis of hereditary neuropathies. Additionally, this study provides new information on the mutations in the VRK1, KIF1A and FLVRC1 genes by adding new mutations and increasing the phenotypic variability of the neuropathies associated with these genes.This study demonstrates WES is a powerful tool for molecular diagnosis of hereditary neuropathies.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-07-30
 
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