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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.17.2018.tde-06032018-090106
Document
Author
Full name
Elen Anatriello
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Santos, Isabel Kinney Ferreira de Miranda (President)
Castelo, Arlete Aparecida Martins Coelho
Goulart Filho, Luiz Ricardo
Ho, Paulo Lee
Silva, Celio Lopes
Title in Portuguese
Vacina de DNA multicomponente baseada em genes codificantes de proteínas salivares de Rhipicephalus microplus induz imunidade cruzada contra Rhipicephalus sanguineus
Keywords in Portuguese
Amblyomma cajennense
Carrapatos W
Descoberta de genes e de antígenos W
Explorando transcriptomas
Rhipicephalus sanguineus
Abstract in Portuguese
Os carrapatos são artrópodes hematófagos, vetores de doenças. Vacinas são uma alternativa para o seu controle, já que esses parasitas durante a infestação, estimulam as respostas imunes do hospedeiro, as quais são implicadas em sua rejeição. As glândulas salivares do parasita são importantes para permitir a alimentação e para mediar os mecanismos de escape às defesas do hospedeiro. Diversas evidências indicam que ocorre reatividade cruzada entre espécies de carrapatos e que reações de hipersensibilidade cutânea tardia (DTH) são correlacionadas com resistência ao carrapato. A possibilidade de vacinar cachorros que são parasitados pelo R. sanguineus com antígenos do carrapato do boi, o R microplus, foi investigada por meio da análise in silico de 45 GIs de R microplus clonados em vetor plasmidial (TOPO VR2001), dentre os quais 14 Gls de R microplus se revelaram mais similares a sequências do R sanguineus, e foram empregados para avaliar: 1) A capacidade em elicitar reações cutâneas tardias em cobaias imunes a carrapatos por meio de infestações prévias com R sanguineus. 2) A capacidade de vacinas contendo GIs individuais em afetar infestações de camundongos com adultos de R sanguineus. 3) a capacidade do GI induzir anticorpos específicos após vacinação em camundongos. Dos 14 GIs testados, apenas dois não induziram reações cutâneas, quatro não afetaram nenhum parâmetro parasitológico da infestação, e três não induziram a produção de anticorpos nesses animais. Dentre os GIs, sete foram escolhidos para compor uma vacina multigênica contra o carrapato do cão R sanguineus. A vacina foi capaz de induzir resistência á infestação por R sanguineus em camundongos e em cachorros vacinados evidenciadoa pela diminuição do número de fêmeas que conseguiram colocar ovos, do peso médio da massa de ovos produzidos por essas fêmeas, do índice reprodutivo dessas fêmeas, e da taxa de eclosão das larvas, demonstrando que GIs de R microplus podem ser alvos para formulação de uma vacina contra o carrapato R sanguineus.
Title in English
A multicomponent DNA vaccine based on genes encoding proteins of Rhipicephalus microplus salivary proteins induces cross-protective immunity against Rhipicephalus sanguineus infestations in mice and dogs
Keywords in English
Amblyomma cajennense
Exploring transcriptomas
Gene discovery and W antigens
Rhipicephalus sanguineus
W ticks
Abstract in English
Ticks are arthropod vectors of disease. Vaccines are an alternative to chemicals for controlling ticks because during infestations these parasites stimulate host immune responses such as delayed hypersensitivity skin reactions (DTH), which are involved in their rejection and are correlated with resistance to ticks. Tick salivary glands are important for the parasite to acquire blood meals because their products mediate escape mechanisms from host defenses. The possibility of vaccinating dogs against infestations with the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, with antigens derived from salivary glands of the cattle tick, R. microplus, was investigated by in silica analysis of 45 genes from R. microplus. These genes were targeted because of their putative biological function and had been cloned into the plasmid vector TOPO VR2001. Of them, 14 were chosen to be evaluated in a vaccine because their sequences were the most similar to several genes expressed in salivary glands of R. sanguineus. The plasmids containing the genes of interest (GIs) were used to assess: 1) The ability of the product of the genes to elicit delayed skin reactions in guinea pigs immune to ticks by previous infestations with R sanguineus. 2) The ability of individual GIs delivered as DNA vaccines to affect infestations of mice with adult R sanguineus. 3) The ability of the genes to induce specific antibodies after vaccination in mice. Only two of the 14 genes delivered to guinea pigs via intradermal injection of DNA did not elicit delayed skin reaction, four used in a vaccine did not affect any parameter of tick infestations, and three did not induce production of antibodies in these animals after DNA vaccination. Of the 14 genes, seven were chosen to formulate a multigene vaccine against the dog tick R. sanguineus. The vaccine was able to significantly affect several parameters of infestations by R sanguineus in vaccinated dogs and mice. This was reflected in the reduction of the number of females that were able to lay eggs, of the average weight of the egg mass produced by these females, of the reproductive rate of these females, and of hatching rate of larvae, demonstrating that GIs from R microplus may be targets for development of a vaccine against the tick R sanguineus.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-07-11
 
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