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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.17.2017.tde-06062017-162838
Document
Author
Full name
Naira Ferreira Anchieta
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Santos, Isabel Kinney Ferreira de Miranda (President)
Marques, Marcos José
Pereira, Vanessa Carregaro
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização do perfil de compostos orgânicos voláteis produzidos por cultura de células e animais infectados com Leishmania infantum
Keywords in Portuguese
Células Aderentes Mononucleares
Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis
Leishmania infantum
Lutzomyia longipalpis
Abstract in Portuguese
Alguns parasitas modificam o perfil de Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis (COVs) de seus hospedeiros na tentativa de atrais/dispersar seus vetores, assegurando a propagação do parasita e a manutenção do ciclo da doença. É sabido que o mosquito Lutzomyia longipalpis, vetor da Leishmaniose Visceral (LV) são mais atraídos por cães infectados que não infectados. Este trabalho tem como objetivo identificar e caracterizar os Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis emitidos por culturas de células e hamsters infectados Mesocricetus auratus com Leishmania infantum (MHOM/74/PP75). Células aderentes mononucleares de baço de hamsters foram separadas com Ficoll e distribuídas em placas de 24 poços com 2x106 células por poço. Após 42 horas, as células foram infectadas e os COVs foram coletados por "headspace" por 18 horas. Os COVs foram determinados por comparação com as placas controle: controle células aderentes mononucleares, controle L. infantum, e controle meio RPMI 1640.40 Hamsters foram subdivididos em 2 grupos: 20 animais foram infectados com formas promastigotas metacíclicas de L. infantum selecionadas com aglutinina de amendoim (PNA) por via intracardíaca com 1x107 parasitas. Os animais foram acompanhados por 4 meses pós infecção e as amostras foram coletadas colocando os animais em sacos de poliéster conectados com um tubo de metal recheado com Tenax TA acoplado a uma bomba de sucção automática por 10 minutos. Todas as amostras foram analisadas por dessorção térmica via Cromatografia gasosa/ Espectrometria de Massas (CG-EM). Nas culturas de células, 2 compostos estão presentes apenas nas culturas infectadas: 1,2-difenilciclobutano e (E)-(2,3-Difenil Ciclopropil)-metil-fenilsulfóxido. O 2,4-dimetilbenzaldeído estava presente na placa controle contendo meio RPMI 1640. Por outro lado, em ambas as placas infectadas e controle com células aderentes mononucleares, o 3-metileno-heptano estava presente. Outros compostos contendo os grupos químicos aldeídos ou álcoois ou hidrocarbonetos aromáticos foram detectados em todas as placas, mas com diferentes áreas de pico (quantidade). Quando comparamos os COVs emitidos por hamsters infectados e controles, nenhuma diferença foi encontrada. Os compostos emitidos por culturas de células infectadas mostram que a infecção com L.infantum é capaz de modificar o perfil de COVs em culturas de células. Outros compostos encontrados em todas as placas, mas com diferentes áreas de pico podem indicar que a infecção aumenta a liberação de algumas substâncias que são possíveis atrativos para vetores.
Title in English
Characterization of the profile of volatile organic compounds produced by cell cultures and animals infected with Leishmania infantum
Keywords in English
Leishmania infantum
Lutzomyia longipalpis, spleen adherent mononuclear cells
Volatile Organic Compounds
Abstract in English
Some parasites can modify their hosts Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) profile in order to attract / disperse their vectors, ensuring spreading of the parasite and maintenance of the disease cycle. It is already known that Lutzomyia longipalpis sandflies, the vectors of Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL), are more attracted to infected than to non-infected dogs. This work aims to identify and characterize the VOCs emitted by cell cultures and hamsters Mesocricetus auratus infected with Leishmania infantum (MHOM/74/PP75). Spleen adherent mononuclear cells of hamsters were separed with Ficoll and distributed in flat-bottomed 24-well plates at 2x106 cells per well. After 42 hours, the cells were infected and VOCs were collected from the "headspace" for 18 hours. The VOCs were determined in comparison with the controls plates: control mononuclear adherent cells, control L. infantum and control medium RPMI 1640. 40 Hamsters were subdivided in two groups: 20 animals were used as a control group and 20 animals were infected with metaciclic form of L. infantum selected by peanut agglutinin (PNA) by intracardiac route with 1x107 parasites. The animals were followed up for 4 months post-infection and the samples were collected by introducing the hamsters in a polyester bag connected with a metal tube filled with the Tenax TA adsorbent coupled to an automatic suction pump for 10 minutes. All samples were analyzed by thermal desorption via Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GCMS). In cell cultures, two compounds were present only in infected cultures: 1, 2- diphenyl cyclobutane, and trans-[(2, 3-Diphenylcyclopropyl) methyl] phenyl sulfoxide. 2, 4-dimethyl benzaldehyde was present in the control well containing RPMI 1640 medium. On the other hand, in both infected and control wells with mononuclear adherent cells, 3-methylene heptane was present. Other compounds containing either aldehydes or alcohols or aromatic hydrocarbon chemical groups were detected in all plates, but with different peak areas (i.e., amounts). When comparing the VOCs emitted by infected and control hamsters, no difference was found. The compounds emitted only by infected cell cultures show that the infection with L. infantum is able to modify the profile of VOCs in cell cultures. The other compounds found in all plates but with different peak areas may indicate that infection may increase the release of some substances that are possible attractants for vectors.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-11-13
 
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