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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.17.2014.tde-09122014-152101
Document
Author
Full name
Lúcia Helena Moraes Vilela
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Juruena, Mário Francisco Pereira (President)
Antonini, Sonir Roberto Rauber
Brandao, Marcus Lira
Mello, Marcelo Feijó de
Navarro, Paula Andrea de Albuquerque Salles
Title in Portuguese
Relação da depressão com os eixos hipotálamo-hipófise-adrenal, hipotálamo-hipófise-tireóide e o estresse precoce 
Keywords in Portuguese
cortisol
depressão
eixo Hipotálamo-Hipófise-Adrenal
eixo Hipotálamo-Hipófise-Tireóide
estresse precoce
lipidograma
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: Alterações nos eixos Hipotálamo-Hipófise-Adrenal (HHA) e Hipotálamo-Hipófise-Tireóide (HHT) estão associados a depressão. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre depressão e alterações nos eixos HHA, HHT e o estresse precoce (EP) em deprimidos. Metodologia: Foram avaliados 52 deprimidos e 52 voluntários com idade entre 18 e 45 anos. O diagnóstico de depressão foi baseado no DSM-IV e MINI. A gravidade da depressão foi avaliada pela HAM-D-17 e pelo IDB. Foram aplicados o CTQ buscando avaliar eventos estressantes na infância, além de questionário sócio-demográfico e clínico. Voluntários foram pareados segundo sexo, idade, IMC e submetidos aos mesmos questionários. Foram realizadas dosagem de TSH, T4 livre, anticorpos anti TPO e ATG, Cortisol plasmático, ACTH, DHEA-s, lipidograma, glicemia de jejum e cortisol salivar em 05 tempos. Resultados: Todos os deprimidos apresentaram história de EP. Houve concentrações maiores de TSH, anti TPO, anti TG, cortisol plasmático e salivar, ACTH, colesterol total, LDL, VLDL, triglicérides, AUC 8-23 e AUC0-30-60, além de concentrações menores de DHEA-s e HDL em casos do que controles, considerando a primeira e segunda coleta de dados e conforme a amostra estudada. Houve correlações entre as variáveis estudadas. Conclusão: O EP foi um dos fatores de risco para depressão. Achados desse estudo confirmam a literatura quando se compara deprimidos com controles e se relaciona depressão com os eixos HHT, HHA e o EP. Esse foi o primeiro estudo em que se comparou todas as variáveis supracitadas em pessoas CEP e SEP, gerando resultados positivos, além de revelar diferenças de gênero conforme o resultado.
Title in English
Relationship of depression with the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis and early stress
Keywords in English
cortisol
depression
early stress
hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal axis
hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis
lipid profile
Abstract in English
Introduction: Changes in the axis hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) are associated with depression. Objective: Evaluating the association among depression and changes in the HPA, HPT axes and early stress (ES) in depressed. Methodology: A total of 52 depressed and 52 volunteers aged between 18 and 45 years were evaluated. Depression diagnosis was based on DSM-IV and MINI. The severity of depression was assessed by HAM-D-17 and BDI. The CTQ were applied for assessing stressful events in childhood, as well as socio-demographic and clinical questionnaire. Volunteers were paired by gender, age, BMI, and underwent the same questionnaires. TSH measurement was performed, free T4, anti TPO and ATG antibodies, plasma cortisol, ACTH, DHEA-s, lipid profile, fasting glucose and salivary cortisol in 05 times. Results: All depressed had history of ES. There were higher concentrations of TSH, anti TPO, anti TG, plasma and salivary cortisol, ACTH, total cholesterol, LDL, VLDL, triglycerides, AUC 8-23 and AUC0-30-60 and lower concentrations of DHEA-s and HDL in cases than controls, taking into account the first and second data collection and according to the studied sample. There were correlations between variables. Conclusion: The ES was one of the risk factors for depression. Findings of this study confirm the literature when compared depressed with controls and associated depression with HPT, HPA axes and ES. This was the first study in which we compared all the above variables in people WES and WOES, generating positive results and revealed gender differences according to result.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-03-16
 
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