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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.17.2018.tde-26042018-165804
Document
Author
Full name
Vanessa de Oliveira Rodrigues
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Nunes, Altacilio Aparecido (President)
Pinto, Ana Cristina Silva
Silva, Sheila Soares
Bonacim, Carlos Alberto Grespan
Title in Portuguese
Aférese x centrifugação do sangue total: análise de custo-efetividade entre os distintos procedimentos para produção do concentrado de plaquetas
Keywords in Portuguese
Aférese
Análise de custo-efetividade
Centrifugação sangue total
Concentrado de plaquetas
Abstract in Portuguese
A centrifugação é o principal método utilizado para fracionar o Sangue Total (ST) nos componentes sanguíneos: Concentrados de Hemácias (CH), Concentrados Plaquetas (CP), Plasma e Crioprecipitado, (também chamados de Hemocomponentes). Com intuito de prevenir ou controlar hemorragias, os CP obtidos por centrifugação tornaram-se o padrão no atendimento inicial aos pacientes com baixas contagens de plaquetas. Porém, para obter uma unidade terapêutica (UT), no Hemocentro RP, é necessário agregar seis CP, formando o Pool de CPST (PCP), o que leva a exposição do receptor a vários doadores diferentes. O CP obtido por aférese (CPAF), advindo de equipamento que permite a seleção já na coleta, fornece a dose necessária em apenas uma doação. Baseado no levantamento de dados internos do Hemocentro de RP o presente estudo analisou, através da metodologia de Custeio Baseado em Atividade (ABC), os custos atribuídos às distintas metodologias para a produção dos CP, sabendo que no Hemocentro RP, os CP são dispensados como UT independente da forma de obtenção. Os resultados obtidos foram utilizados na Análise de Custo-Efetividade, evidenciando que a coleta por Centrifugação de ST com a produção de PCP foi mais custo efetiva em 2015 do que a coleta de aférese, porém, por uma diferença relativamente pequena, devido ao grande percentual de obtenção de dupla Unidade Terapêutica (CPAF2).
Title in English
Apheresis x total blood centrifugation: cost-effectiveness analysis between the different procedures for the production of platelet concentrates
Keywords in English
Apheresis
Cost-effectiveness analysis
Platelet concentrate
Total blood centrifugation
Abstract in English
Centrifugation is the main method used for fractionating Total Blood (TB) to blood components: Red Cells Concentrate (CR), Platelet Concentrates (PC), Plasma and Cryoprecipitate (also called Hemocomponents). In order to prevent or control bleeding, CPs obtained by centrifugation became the standard treatment of patients with low platelet counts. However, to obtain a therapeutic unit (TU), at Hemocentro RP, it is necessary to get together six PCs, forming a Pool of TBPC (PCP), exposing the receptor to several different donors. PC obtained by apheresis (CPAF), which is provided by a equipment that allows selective collection, achieve the dose necessary for the selection in just one donation. Based on the collection of internal data from the Hemocentro RP, the present study analyzed, through the methodology of ActivityBased Costing (ABC), the costs attributed to the different methodologies for the production of PCs knowing that in the Hemocenter RP PCs are dispensed as TU independent of the way of obtaining. The results obtained were used in the CostEffectiveness Analysis, showing collecting by TB Centrifugation producing PC is more cost-effective, however CPAF was almost as effective as in 2015, a great achievement of Dual Therapeutic Unit in a single donation (CPAF2).
 
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Publishing Date
2018-07-24
 
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