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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Antonio Rodrigues Neto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Leonel, Edson Denner (President)
Araújo, Francisco Célio de
Christoforo, André Luis
Title in Portuguese
Modelos numéricos baseados no Método dos Elementos de Contorno para a análise mecânica de domínios viscoelásticos enrijecidos com comportamento não-linear
Keywords in Portuguese
Acoplamento MEC/MEF
Materiais reforçados
Método dos Elementos de Contorno
Plasticidade
Viscoelasticidade
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho propõe o estudo e o desenvolvimento de ferramentas computacionais baseadas no Método dos Elementos de Contorno (MEC) para a realização de análises mecânicas bidimensionais de estruturas e materiais não-homogêneos viscoelásticos enrijecidos. Complexos projetos de engenharia e sistemas estruturais utilizam estes tipos de materiais, o que é amplamente observado em indústrias tais como mecânica, naval, automobilística, aeronáutica e civil. No modelo proposto, o domínio bidimensional é representado pela abordagem 2D do MEC, com uso das soluções fundamentais isotrópica e anisotrópica e a teoria de modelos reológicos (modelos de Kelvin-Voigt, Maxwell e Boltzmann) é utilizada para a representação do comportamento viscoelástico destes meios. As estruturas de reforço são modeladas por elementos unidimensionais, os quais podem ser representados pelo Método dos Elementos Finitos (MEF) ou por uma abordagem 1D do MEC. A elastoplasticidade unidimensional é inserida no comportamento mecânico destes elementos, tornando o modelo não-linear, para o qual o método de Newton-Raphson é utilizado. Resultados numéricos mostram que o modelo de acoplamento MEC/MEC1D leva a resultados mais estáveis em comparação com a clássica abordagem MEC/MEF. A formulação proposta é aplicada ainda em análises mecânicas de sistemas estruturais não-homogêneos com complexa geometria e condições de contorno. Os resultados obtidos são comparados com respostas de modelos equivalentes disponíveis na literatura. A precisão, estabilidade e robustez da formulação proposta, particularmente quando domínios não-homogêneos são representados é ilustrada.
Title in English
Numerical models based on the Boundary Element Method for the mechanical analysis of reinforced viscoelastic domains with non-linear behavior
Keywords in English
Boundary Element Method
FEM/BEM Coupling
Plasticity
Reinforced Materials
Viscoelasticity
Abstract in English
This work deals with the study and the development of computational formulations based on the Boundary Element Method (BEM) to perform two-dimensional mechanical analysis of reinforced viscoelastic non-homogeneous structures and materials. Complex engineering designs and structural systems use these types of materials, which is widely observed in mechanical, naval, automobilist, aeronautics and civil industries, for instance. In the proposed formulation, the two-dimensional domain is represented by the 2D BEM approach, using isotropic and anisotropic fundamental solutions and the theory of rheological models (Kelvin-Voigt, Maxwell and Boltzmann models) is used to represent the viscoelastic behavior of these domains. The reinforcement structures are modeled by one-dimensional elements, which can be represented either by the Finite Element Method (FEM) or by a 1D approach of the BEM (1DBEM). The one-dimensional elastoplasticity is added to the mechanical behavior of these elements, turning the coupled formulation into a non-linear model, for which the Newton-Raphson method is used. Numerical results show that the 1DBEM/BEM coupling model leads to more stable results compared to the classical FEM/BEM approach. The proposed formulation is applied in the mechanical analysis of non-homogeneous structural systems with complex geometry and boundary conditions. The obtained results are compared with answers of equivalent models available in the literature. The accuracy, stability and robustness of the proposed formulation, particularly when nonhomogeneous domains are represented is illustrated.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-06-11
 
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