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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2018.tde-26022018-133153
Document
Author
Full name
Fernando Montenegro Torres
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 1998
Supervisor
Committee
Pinheiro, Libânio Miranda (President)
El Debs, Mounir Khalil
Stucchi, Fernando Rebouças
Title in Portuguese
Análise teórico-experimental de consolos de concreto armado
Keywords in Portuguese
Concreto armado
Concreto de alta resistência
Consolos
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho tem o objetivo de analisar teórica e experimentalmente o comportamento de consolos de concreto armado. Para tal, foi realizada uma revisão bibliográfica, buscando os artigos mais recentes e as principais normas que tratam deste assunto. Foram analisados mais de trezentos consolos encontrados na literatura. Nesta análise, as forças de ruína experimentais foram comparadas com a forças de ruínas calculadas segundo as normas: ACI-318M-89, CAN3-A23.3-M-84 e NBR-9062/85. Para complementar este estudo, foram ensaiados oito consolos de concreto de alta resistência, os quais apresentavam: as mesmas dimensões, a mesma armadura principal e diferentes taxas de armadura de costura. A resistência do concreto variou de 50 MPa a 80 MPa. Estes consolos tiveram suas forças de ruína comparadas com as previstas pelas normas já citadas. Além disto, foram analisadas: as deformações na armadura, medidas a cada nível de carregamento, e o ângulo de inclinação das tensões principais, medidos no centro geométrico da provável biela comprimida. De acordo com as análises realizadas, pode-se observar que o uso de concreto de alto desempenho na confecção de consolos é bastante eficaz. Entretanto, é necessário o uso de taxas adequadas de armadura, que são basicamente as mesmas indicadas para consolos de concreto de resistência convencional. O dimensionamento de consolos segundo as normas citadas foi bastante satisfatório. Entretanto, no cálculo da força de ruína das peças ensaiadas por outros pesquisadores, os resultados não foram tão satisfatórios, pois estes consolos analisados nem sempre apresentavam o detalhamento conforme recomendam estas normas.
Title in English
Theoretic-experimental analysis of reinforced concrete corbels
Keywords in English
Corbels
High-strength concrete
Reinforced concrete
Abstract in English
The aim of this work is to analyze theoretically and experimentally the behavior of reinforced concrete corbels. A bibliographic review was done, searching for the most recent papers and the main codes concerning to this subject. It was analyzed more than there hundred corbels found in the literature. In this analysis, the experimental failures forces were compared to the failure forces calculated by the followings codes: ACI-318M-89; CAN3-A23.3-M-84 and NBR-9062/85. To complement this work, eight corbels of high-strength concrete were made with the same dimensions, the same main reinforcement and different rates of secondary reinforcement. The strength of the concrete ranged from 50 MPa to 80 MPa. These corbels had their failure forces compared with the failure forces postulated by the codes. It was also evaluated the deformations of the reinforcement, considered in each level of loading, and the angle of inclination of the main stresses, measured in the geometric center of probable compressed diagonal. By this analysis, it was observed that the use of high-strength concrete in the construction of corbels is quitely efficient. Although, it is necessary the use of proper reinforcement ratios, that are basically the same indicated for corbels with low-strength concrete. The design of corbels by the cited codes was quitely satisfactory. By the way, the calculation of the failure force of corbels made by others researchers were not satisfactory. The probable reason was that the corbels did not present the reinforcement details recomended by these codes.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-02-28
 
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